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Neurophysiological correlates of top-down phonological and semantic influence during the orthographic processing of novel visual word-forms

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Neurophysiological correlates of top-down phonological and semantic influence during the orthographic processing of novel visual word-forms. / Bermúdez-Margaretto, Beatriz; Beltrán, David; Shtyrov, Yury; Dominguez, Alberto; Cuetos, Fernando.

In: Brain sciences, Vol. 10, No. 10, 717, 10.2020.

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Bermúdez-Margaretto, Beatriz ; Beltrán, David ; Shtyrov, Yury ; Dominguez, Alberto ; Cuetos, Fernando. / Neurophysiological correlates of top-down phonological and semantic influence during the orthographic processing of novel visual word-forms. In: Brain sciences. 2020 ; Vol. 10, No. 10.

Bibtex

@article{8a8a656b70c5482e996b65cb6b6e3f34,
title = "Neurophysiological correlates of top-down phonological and semantic influence during the orthographic processing of novel visual word-forms",
abstract = "The acquisition of new vocabulary is usually mediated by previous experience with language. In the visual domain, the representation of orthographically unfamiliar words at the phonological or conceptual levels may facilitate their orthographic learning. The neural correlates of this advantage were investigated by recording EEG activity during reading novel and familiar words across three different experiments (n = 22 each), manipulating the availability of previous knowledge on the novel written words. A different pattern of event-related potential (ERP) responses was found depending on the previous training, resembling cross-level top-down interactive effects during vocabulary acquisition. Thus, whereas previous phonological experience caused a modulation at the post-lexical stages of the visual recognition of novel written words (~520 ms), additional semantic training influenced their processing at a lexico-semantic stage (~320 ms). Moreover, early lexical differences (~180 ms) elicited in the absence of previous training did not emerge after both phonological and semantic training, reflecting similar orthographic processing and word-form access.",
keywords = "ERPs, Phonology, Reading, Semantics, Top-down processing",
author = "Beatriz Berm{\'u}dez-Margaretto and David Beltr{\'a}n and Yury Shtyrov and Alberto Dominguez and Fernando Cuetos",
year = "2020",
month = oct,
doi = "10.3390/brainsci10100717",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
journal = "Brain sciences",
issn = "2076-3425",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neurophysiological correlates of top-down phonological and semantic influence during the orthographic processing of novel visual word-forms

AU - Bermúdez-Margaretto, Beatriz

AU - Beltrán, David

AU - Shtyrov, Yury

AU - Dominguez, Alberto

AU - Cuetos, Fernando

PY - 2020/10

Y1 - 2020/10

N2 - The acquisition of new vocabulary is usually mediated by previous experience with language. In the visual domain, the representation of orthographically unfamiliar words at the phonological or conceptual levels may facilitate their orthographic learning. The neural correlates of this advantage were investigated by recording EEG activity during reading novel and familiar words across three different experiments (n = 22 each), manipulating the availability of previous knowledge on the novel written words. A different pattern of event-related potential (ERP) responses was found depending on the previous training, resembling cross-level top-down interactive effects during vocabulary acquisition. Thus, whereas previous phonological experience caused a modulation at the post-lexical stages of the visual recognition of novel written words (~520 ms), additional semantic training influenced their processing at a lexico-semantic stage (~320 ms). Moreover, early lexical differences (~180 ms) elicited in the absence of previous training did not emerge after both phonological and semantic training, reflecting similar orthographic processing and word-form access.

AB - The acquisition of new vocabulary is usually mediated by previous experience with language. In the visual domain, the representation of orthographically unfamiliar words at the phonological or conceptual levels may facilitate their orthographic learning. The neural correlates of this advantage were investigated by recording EEG activity during reading novel and familiar words across three different experiments (n = 22 each), manipulating the availability of previous knowledge on the novel written words. A different pattern of event-related potential (ERP) responses was found depending on the previous training, resembling cross-level top-down interactive effects during vocabulary acquisition. Thus, whereas previous phonological experience caused a modulation at the post-lexical stages of the visual recognition of novel written words (~520 ms), additional semantic training influenced their processing at a lexico-semantic stage (~320 ms). Moreover, early lexical differences (~180 ms) elicited in the absence of previous training did not emerge after both phonological and semantic training, reflecting similar orthographic processing and word-form access.

KW - ERPs

KW - Phonology

KW - Reading

KW - Semantics

KW - Top-down processing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85092363220&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/brainsci10100717

DO - 10.3390/brainsci10100717

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33050157

AN - SCOPUS:85092363220

VL - 10

JO - Brain sciences

JF - Brain sciences

SN - 2076-3425

IS - 10

M1 - 717

ER -