Department of Political Science

Network or hierarchy? Personality profiles of future military leaders

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Network or hierarchy? Personality profiles of future military leaders. / Gøtzsche-Astrup, Oluf; Brænder, Morten; Holsting, Vilhelm Stefan.

In: Nordic Psychology, Vol. 74, No. 3, 07.2022, p. 183-204.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Gøtzsche-Astrup O, Brænder M, Holsting VS. Network or hierarchy? Personality profiles of future military leaders. Nordic Psychology. 2022 Jul;74(3):183-204. Epub 2021 Jun 21. doi: 10.1080/19012276.2021.1945947

Author

Gøtzsche-Astrup, Oluf ; Brænder, Morten ; Holsting, Vilhelm Stefan. / Network or hierarchy? Personality profiles of future military leaders. In: Nordic Psychology. 2022 ; Vol. 74, No. 3. pp. 183-204.

Bibtex

@article{5591fb69d05540c1bd94f03e0e6789a7,
title = "Network or hierarchy? Personality profiles of future military leaders",
abstract = "To what degree do future military officers resemble the traditional hierarchical leadership ideal, and to what degree do they resemble an emerging new kind of network-based leadership ideal? Military organizations are constantly changing in response to pressures from within the organization and surrounding society. Today, such changes exert themselves in novel recruitment strategies for a new generation of military leaders. Previous studies have shown how a new network-organizational paradigm has come to the fore in military leadership and officer recruitment. However, the core requirements of military leadership—remaining calm under pressure and demonstrating an ability to lead others and inspire followership—remain the same. Military psychological scholarship has often focused on subgroups within the military rather than general differences in personality between military and civilian populations. We remedy this limitation in the literature, and use the Big Five taxonomy and a unique dataset consisting of the personality profiles of an entire cohort of Danish officer cadets (n = 190) and a large (n = 1,568) Danish population-representative sample. We compare officer cadets to civilians using a three-level matching procedure, finding that the pool from which future military leaders are selected, the military cadets, are less neurotic, more extraverted and somewhat more conscientious than their civilian counterparts, traits that we theorize fit with the core requirements of traditional military leadership. The results indicate that cadets are no less open or agreeable than their civilian peers, traits that we theorize are related to a balancing towards the network-organizational paradigm.",
keywords = "big five, civilian population, military leadership, personality, recruitment",
author = "Oluf G{\o}tzsche-Astrup and Morten Br{\ae}nder and Holsting, {Vilhelm Stefan}",
year = "2022",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1080/19012276.2021.1945947",
language = "English",
volume = "74",
pages = "183--204",
journal = "Nordic Psychology",
issn = "1904-0016",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Network or hierarchy? Personality profiles of future military leaders

AU - Gøtzsche-Astrup, Oluf

AU - Brænder, Morten

AU - Holsting, Vilhelm Stefan

PY - 2022/7

Y1 - 2022/7

N2 - To what degree do future military officers resemble the traditional hierarchical leadership ideal, and to what degree do they resemble an emerging new kind of network-based leadership ideal? Military organizations are constantly changing in response to pressures from within the organization and surrounding society. Today, such changes exert themselves in novel recruitment strategies for a new generation of military leaders. Previous studies have shown how a new network-organizational paradigm has come to the fore in military leadership and officer recruitment. However, the core requirements of military leadership—remaining calm under pressure and demonstrating an ability to lead others and inspire followership—remain the same. Military psychological scholarship has often focused on subgroups within the military rather than general differences in personality between military and civilian populations. We remedy this limitation in the literature, and use the Big Five taxonomy and a unique dataset consisting of the personality profiles of an entire cohort of Danish officer cadets (n = 190) and a large (n = 1,568) Danish population-representative sample. We compare officer cadets to civilians using a three-level matching procedure, finding that the pool from which future military leaders are selected, the military cadets, are less neurotic, more extraverted and somewhat more conscientious than their civilian counterparts, traits that we theorize fit with the core requirements of traditional military leadership. The results indicate that cadets are no less open or agreeable than their civilian peers, traits that we theorize are related to a balancing towards the network-organizational paradigm.

AB - To what degree do future military officers resemble the traditional hierarchical leadership ideal, and to what degree do they resemble an emerging new kind of network-based leadership ideal? Military organizations are constantly changing in response to pressures from within the organization and surrounding society. Today, such changes exert themselves in novel recruitment strategies for a new generation of military leaders. Previous studies have shown how a new network-organizational paradigm has come to the fore in military leadership and officer recruitment. However, the core requirements of military leadership—remaining calm under pressure and demonstrating an ability to lead others and inspire followership—remain the same. Military psychological scholarship has often focused on subgroups within the military rather than general differences in personality between military and civilian populations. We remedy this limitation in the literature, and use the Big Five taxonomy and a unique dataset consisting of the personality profiles of an entire cohort of Danish officer cadets (n = 190) and a large (n = 1,568) Danish population-representative sample. We compare officer cadets to civilians using a three-level matching procedure, finding that the pool from which future military leaders are selected, the military cadets, are less neurotic, more extraverted and somewhat more conscientious than their civilian counterparts, traits that we theorize fit with the core requirements of traditional military leadership. The results indicate that cadets are no less open or agreeable than their civilian peers, traits that we theorize are related to a balancing towards the network-organizational paradigm.

KW - big five

KW - civilian population

KW - military leadership

KW - personality

KW - recruitment

U2 - 10.1080/19012276.2021.1945947

DO - 10.1080/19012276.2021.1945947

M3 - Journal article

VL - 74

SP - 183

EP - 204

JO - Nordic Psychology

JF - Nordic Psychology

SN - 1904-0016

IS - 3

ER -