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## Nested Hilbert schemes on surfaces: Virtual fundamental class

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We construct natural virtual fundamental classes for nested Hilbert schemes on a nonsingular projective surface $S$. This allows us to define new invariants of $S$ that recover some of the known important cases such as Poincare invariants of Durr-Kabanov-Okonek and the stable pair invariants of Kool-Thomas. In the case of the nested Hilbert scheme of points, we can express these invariants in terms of integrals over the products of Hilbert scheme of points on $S$, and relate them to the vertex operator formulas found by Carlsson-Okounkov. The virtual fundamental classes of the nested Hilbert schemes play a crucial role in the Donaldson-Thomas theory of local-surface-threefolds that we study in [GSY17b].

Original language | English |
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Journal | Journal of Differential Geometry |
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ISSN | 0022-040X |
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Publication status | Accepted/In press - 18 Jul 2018 |
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ID: 129860150