Nanoscale topography reduces fibroblast growth, focal adhesion size and migration-related gene expression on platinum surfaces

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  • Cristian Pablo Alejandro Pennisi
  • ,
  • Alireza Dolatshahi-Pirouz, Denmark
  • Morten Foss
  • Jacques Chevallier, Denmark
  • Trine Fink
  • ,
  • Vladimir Zachar
  • ,
  • Flemming Besenbacher
  • Kenichi Yoshida
  • Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center
  • Department of Physics and Astronomy
Controlling cellular responses on biomaterial surfaces is crucial in biomedical applications such as tissue engineering and implantable prosthetics. Since cells encounter various nanoscale topographic features in their natural environment, it has been postulated that surface nanotopography may be an alternative route to fabricate biomaterials with a desirable cellular response. In this framework, we investigated the responses of primary human fibroblasts to platinum substrates with different levels of surface roughness at the nanoscale. The nanorough surfaces were fabricated by using the glancing angle deposition technique (GLAD). We found that levels of cellular responses depended on the surface roughness and the size of the nanoscale features. We showed that in response to nanotopography cells spread less and have an elongated morphology, displaying signs of actin cytoskeleton impairment and reduced formation of focal adhesion complexes. Although cell growth and adhesion were impaired on the nanorough substrates, cell viability was not affected by topography. To a minor extent our results also indicate that cell migration might be reduced on the nanorough surfaces, since a significantly lower gene expression of migration related genes were found on the roughest surfaces as compared to the flat reference. The results presented here demonstrate that surface nanotopography influences fibroblasts responses on platinum, which may be used to reduce cellular adhesion on platinum implant surfaces such as implantable neural electrodes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
Pages (from-to)189-97
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2011

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