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Musical scale properties are automatically processed in the human auditory cortex

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Musical scale properties are automatically processed in the human auditory cortex. / Brattico, Elvira; Tervaniemi, Mari; Naatanen, Risto; Peretz, Isabelle.

In: Gene Expression Patterns, Vol. 1117, 30.10.2006, p. 162-174.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Brattico, E, Tervaniemi, M, Naatanen, R & Peretz, I 2006, 'Musical scale properties are automatically processed in the human auditory cortex', Gene Expression Patterns, vol. 1117, pp. 162-174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2006.08.023

APA

Brattico, E., Tervaniemi, M., Naatanen, R., & Peretz, I. (2006). Musical scale properties are automatically processed in the human auditory cortex. Gene Expression Patterns, 1117, 162-174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2006.08.023

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MLA

Vancouver

Brattico E, Tervaniemi M, Naatanen R, Peretz I. Musical scale properties are automatically processed in the human auditory cortex. Gene Expression Patterns. 2006 Oct 30;1117:162-174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2006.08.023

Author

Brattico, Elvira ; Tervaniemi, Mari ; Naatanen, Risto ; Peretz, Isabelle. / Musical scale properties are automatically processed in the human auditory cortex. In: Gene Expression Patterns. 2006 ; Vol. 1117. pp. 162-174.

Bibtex

@article{48644c692ad844059d9a4437323d6d3e,
title = "Musical scale properties are automatically processed in the human auditory cortex",
abstract = "While listening to music, we immediately detect 'wrong' tones that do not match our expectations based on the prior context. This study aimed to determine whether such expectations can occur preattentively, as indexed by event-related potentials (ERPs), and whether these are modulated by attentional processes. To this end, we recorded ERPs in nonmusicians while they were presented with unfamiliar melodies, containing either a pitch deviating from the equal-tempered chromatic scale (out-of-tune) or a pitch deviating from the diatonic scale (out-of-key). ERPs were recorded in a passive experiment in which subjects were distracted from the sounds and in an active experiment in which they were judging how incongruous each melody was. In both the experiments, pitch incongruities elicited an early frontal negativity that was not modulated by attentional focus. This early negativity, closely corresponding to the mismatch negativity (MMN) of the ERPs, was mainly originated in the auditory cortex and occurred in response to both pitch violations but with larger amplitude for the more salient out-of-tune pitch than the less salient out-of-key pitch. Attentional processes leading to the conscious access of musical scale information were indexed by the late parietal positivity (resembling the P600 of the ERPs) elicited in response to both incongruous pitches in the active experiment only. our results indicate that the relational properties of the musical scale are quickly and automatically extracted by the auditory cortex even before the intervention of focused attention. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "event-related potential, mismatch negativity, auditory perception, temporal cortex, music, pitch, EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS, HUMAN BRAIN, MISMATCH NEGATIVITY, MEMORY TRACES, EXPECTANCY VIOLATION, SPEECH SOUNDS, NON-MUSICIANS, BROCAS AREA, PERCEPTION, INFORMATION",
author = "Elvira Brattico and Mari Tervaniemi and Risto Naatanen and Isabelle Peretz",
year = "2006",
month = oct,
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.brainres.2006.08.023",
language = "English",
volume = "1117",
pages = "162--174",
journal = "Gene Expression Patterns",
issn = "1567-133X",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Musical scale properties are automatically processed in the human auditory cortex

AU - Brattico, Elvira

AU - Tervaniemi, Mari

AU - Naatanen, Risto

AU - Peretz, Isabelle

PY - 2006/10/30

Y1 - 2006/10/30

N2 - While listening to music, we immediately detect 'wrong' tones that do not match our expectations based on the prior context. This study aimed to determine whether such expectations can occur preattentively, as indexed by event-related potentials (ERPs), and whether these are modulated by attentional processes. To this end, we recorded ERPs in nonmusicians while they were presented with unfamiliar melodies, containing either a pitch deviating from the equal-tempered chromatic scale (out-of-tune) or a pitch deviating from the diatonic scale (out-of-key). ERPs were recorded in a passive experiment in which subjects were distracted from the sounds and in an active experiment in which they were judging how incongruous each melody was. In both the experiments, pitch incongruities elicited an early frontal negativity that was not modulated by attentional focus. This early negativity, closely corresponding to the mismatch negativity (MMN) of the ERPs, was mainly originated in the auditory cortex and occurred in response to both pitch violations but with larger amplitude for the more salient out-of-tune pitch than the less salient out-of-key pitch. Attentional processes leading to the conscious access of musical scale information were indexed by the late parietal positivity (resembling the P600 of the ERPs) elicited in response to both incongruous pitches in the active experiment only. our results indicate that the relational properties of the musical scale are quickly and automatically extracted by the auditory cortex even before the intervention of focused attention. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - While listening to music, we immediately detect 'wrong' tones that do not match our expectations based on the prior context. This study aimed to determine whether such expectations can occur preattentively, as indexed by event-related potentials (ERPs), and whether these are modulated by attentional processes. To this end, we recorded ERPs in nonmusicians while they were presented with unfamiliar melodies, containing either a pitch deviating from the equal-tempered chromatic scale (out-of-tune) or a pitch deviating from the diatonic scale (out-of-key). ERPs were recorded in a passive experiment in which subjects were distracted from the sounds and in an active experiment in which they were judging how incongruous each melody was. In both the experiments, pitch incongruities elicited an early frontal negativity that was not modulated by attentional focus. This early negativity, closely corresponding to the mismatch negativity (MMN) of the ERPs, was mainly originated in the auditory cortex and occurred in response to both pitch violations but with larger amplitude for the more salient out-of-tune pitch than the less salient out-of-key pitch. Attentional processes leading to the conscious access of musical scale information were indexed by the late parietal positivity (resembling the P600 of the ERPs) elicited in response to both incongruous pitches in the active experiment only. our results indicate that the relational properties of the musical scale are quickly and automatically extracted by the auditory cortex even before the intervention of focused attention. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - event-related potential

KW - mismatch negativity

KW - auditory perception

KW - temporal cortex

KW - music

KW - pitch

KW - EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS

KW - HUMAN BRAIN

KW - MISMATCH NEGATIVITY

KW - MEMORY TRACES

KW - EXPECTANCY VIOLATION

KW - SPEECH SOUNDS

KW - NON-MUSICIANS

KW - BROCAS AREA

KW - PERCEPTION

KW - INFORMATION

U2 - 10.1016/j.brainres.2006.08.023

DO - 10.1016/j.brainres.2006.08.023

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 16963000

VL - 1117

SP - 162

EP - 174

JO - Gene Expression Patterns

JF - Gene Expression Patterns

SN - 1567-133X

ER -