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Multiomics assessment in Enchytraeus crypticus exposed to Ag nanomaterials (Ag NM300K) and ions (AgNO3) – Metabolomics, proteomics (& transcriptomics)

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  • Vera L. Maria, University of Aveiro
  • ,
  • David Licha, University of Salzburg
  • ,
  • Janeck J. Scott-Fordsmand
  • Christian G. Huber, University of Salzburg
  • ,
  • Mónica J.B. Amorim, University of Aveiro

Silver nanomaterials (AgNMs) are broadly used and among the most studied nanomaterials. The underlying molecular mechanisms (e.g. protein and metabolite response) that precede phenotypical effects have been assessed to a much lesser extent. In this paper, we assess differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) and metabolites (DEMs) by high-throughput (HTP) techniques (HPLC-MS/MS with tandem mass tags, reversed-phase (RP) and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) with mass spectrometric detection). In a time series (0, 7, 14 days), the standard soil model Enchytraeus crypticus was exposed to AgNM300K and AgNO3 at the reproduction EC20 and EC50. The impact on proteins/metabolites was clearly larger after 14 days. NM300K caused more upregulated DEPs/DEMs, more so at the EC20, whereas AgNO3 caused a dose response increase of DEPs/DEMs. Similar pathways were activated, although often via opposite regulation (up vs down) of DEPs, hence, dissimilar mechanisms underlie the apical observed impact. Affected pathways included e.g. energy and lipid metabolism and oxidative stress. Uniquely affected by AgNO3 was catalase, malate dehydrogenase and ATP-citrate synthase, and heat shock proteins (HSP70) and ferritin were affected by AgNM300K. The gene expression-based data in Adverse Outcome Pathway was confirmed and additional key events added, e.g. regulation of catalase and heat shock proteins were confirmed to be included. Finally, we observed (as we have seen before) that lower concentration of the NM caused higher biological impact. Data was deposited to ProteomeXchange, identifier PXD024444.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117571
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

    Research areas

  • Enchytraeids, High-throughput techniques, Proteins and metabolites expression, Silver

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