Motivational Basis of Personality Traits: A Meta-Analysis of Value-Personality Correlations

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DOI

  • Ronald Fischer, Victoria University of Wellington
  • ,
  • Diana Boer, Goethe University Frankfurt, Denmark

We investigated the relationships between personality traits and basic value dimensions. Furthermore, we developed novel country-level hypotheses predicting that contextual threat moderates value-personality trait relationships. We conducted a three-level v-known meta-analysis of correlations between Big Five traits and Schwartz's (1992) 10 values involving 9,935 participants from 14 countries. Variations in contextual threat (measured as resource threat, ecological threat, and restrictive social institutions) were used as country-level moderator variables. We found systematic relationships between Big Five traits and human values that varied across contexts. Overall, correlations between Openness traits and the Conservation value dimension and Agreeableness traits and the Transcendence value dimension were strongest across all samples. Correlations between values and all personality traits (except Extraversion) were weaker in contexts with greater financial, ecological, and social threats. In contrast, stronger personality-value links are typically found in contexts with low financial and ecological threats and more democratic institutions and permissive social context. These effects explained on average more than 10% of the variability in value-personality correlations. Our results provide strong support for systematic linkages between personality and broad value dimensions, but they also point out that these relations are shaped by contextual factors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Personality
Volume83
Issue5
Pages (from-to)491-510
Number of pages20
ISSN0022-3506
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Research areas

  • HIGHER-ORDER FACTORS, 5-FACTOR MODEL, BIG 5, CULTURES, UNIVERSAL, BEHAVIOR, ENDORSEMENT, PSYCHOLOGY, INVENTORY, OBSERVERS

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ID: 93337894