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Modelling responses of western Amazonian palms to soil nutrients

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Modelling responses of western Amazonian palms to soil nutrients. / Camara-Leret, Rodrigo; Tuomisto, Hanna; Ruokolainen, Kalle; Balslev, Henrik; Munch Kristiansen, Soren.

In: Journal of Ecology, Vol. 105, No. 2, 03.2017, p. 367-381.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Camara-Leret, R, Tuomisto, H, Ruokolainen, K, Balslev, H & Munch Kristiansen, S 2017, 'Modelling responses of western Amazonian palms to soil nutrients', Journal of Ecology, vol. 105, no. 2, pp. 367-381. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12708

APA

Camara-Leret, R., Tuomisto, H., Ruokolainen, K., Balslev, H., & Munch Kristiansen, S. (2017). Modelling responses of western Amazonian palms to soil nutrients. Journal of Ecology, 105(2), 367-381. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12708

CBE

MLA

Camara-Leret, Rodrigo et al. "Modelling responses of western Amazonian palms to soil nutrients". Journal of Ecology. 2017, 105(2). 367-381. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12708

Vancouver

Camara-Leret R, Tuomisto H, Ruokolainen K, Balslev H, Munch Kristiansen S. Modelling responses of western Amazonian palms to soil nutrients. Journal of Ecology. 2017 Mar;105(2):367-381. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12708

Author

Camara-Leret, Rodrigo ; Tuomisto, Hanna ; Ruokolainen, Kalle ; Balslev, Henrik ; Munch Kristiansen, Soren. / Modelling responses of western Amazonian palms to soil nutrients. In: Journal of Ecology. 2017 ; Vol. 105, No. 2. pp. 367-381.

Bibtex

@article{c9ea6ff9e5294b399e60a0ae775b936d,
title = "Modelling responses of western Amazonian palms to soil nutrients",
abstract = "Understanding the responses of individual plant species along different edaphic gradients is a key question in ecology, with implications to community assembly, functioning of forest ecosystems, niche theory and conservation planning. In tropical rain forests, responses to soil nutrients have been described only for a handful of species. Even abundant and conspicuous components of the forest, such as the palms (Arecaceae), remain largely unknown in this respect.We inventoried all palm species and analysed soil chemistry in 96 sites across western Amazonia to (i) assess the relative importance of some micronutrients vs. macronutrients as drivers of patterns in palm species composition, (ii) model the response shapes of 61 palm taxa and of canopy vs. understorey palms along gradients of selected soil nutrients, (iii) determine if the response shapes of conspecific palm varieties differ in relation to the most important observed soil nutrient and (iv) assess if the rank order of the most abundant canopy species changes along edaphic gradients.Patterns in palm species composition were best explained by Mehlich-III extractable exchangeable bases (Ca, K, Mg) and phosphorus (P), with the different palm species clearly separating along the soil cation concentration gradient. All 61 palm taxa exhibited statistical responses along soil nutrient gradients. Response shapes in relation to exchangeable bases varied among bimodal skewed (51% of species), unimodal skewed (47%) and monotonic (2%).There were no significant differences between canopy vs. understorey species in their mean response shapes to the exchangeable bases, but canopy species had significantly higher mean optimum value for soil P and greater mean niche width along the Ca, K, Mg, P and boron (B) gradients. Varieties of the same species of Bactris, Desmoncus and Geonoma generally had different response shapes and different optima for the exchangeable bases.Synthesis. Among the soil variables we studied, macronutrients (especially exchangeable bases and P) emerged as more important than micronutrients in predicting species abundances in palm communities of western Amazonian non-inundated forests. Non-Gaussian responses were predominant, conspecific palm varieties exhibited different response types, and the rank order of dominance of canopy palms varied along the gradients of exchangeable bases and P. Together, these findings advance niche theory about palms and may be used for generating better predictive models of palm species distributions and for experimental studies that search for the physiological mechanisms underlying inter- and infra-specific trade-offs along edaphic gradients.",
keywords = "Arecaceae, ecological response curves, exchangeable bases, gradient analysis, Huisman-Olff-Fresco models, phosphorus, plant community ecology, resource gradients, tropical forest, tropical soils, MACROSTACHYS ARECACEAE VARIETIES, NET PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY, DIRECT GRADIENT ANALYSIS, TROPICAL FOREST SOILS, RAIN-FORESTS, GEONOMA-MACROSTACHYS, SPECIES DISTRIBUTIONS, DISTRIBUTION PATTERNS, FLORISTIC PATTERNS, UNDERSTOREY PALMS",
author = "Rodrigo Camara-Leret and Hanna Tuomisto and Kalle Ruokolainen and Henrik Balslev and {Munch Kristiansen}, Soren",
year = "2017",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1111/1365-2745.12708",
language = "English",
volume = "105",
pages = "367--381",
journal = "Journal of Ecology",
issn = "0022-0477",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modelling responses of western Amazonian palms to soil nutrients

AU - Camara-Leret, Rodrigo

AU - Tuomisto, Hanna

AU - Ruokolainen, Kalle

AU - Balslev, Henrik

AU - Munch Kristiansen, Soren

PY - 2017/3

Y1 - 2017/3

N2 - Understanding the responses of individual plant species along different edaphic gradients is a key question in ecology, with implications to community assembly, functioning of forest ecosystems, niche theory and conservation planning. In tropical rain forests, responses to soil nutrients have been described only for a handful of species. Even abundant and conspicuous components of the forest, such as the palms (Arecaceae), remain largely unknown in this respect.We inventoried all palm species and analysed soil chemistry in 96 sites across western Amazonia to (i) assess the relative importance of some micronutrients vs. macronutrients as drivers of patterns in palm species composition, (ii) model the response shapes of 61 palm taxa and of canopy vs. understorey palms along gradients of selected soil nutrients, (iii) determine if the response shapes of conspecific palm varieties differ in relation to the most important observed soil nutrient and (iv) assess if the rank order of the most abundant canopy species changes along edaphic gradients.Patterns in palm species composition were best explained by Mehlich-III extractable exchangeable bases (Ca, K, Mg) and phosphorus (P), with the different palm species clearly separating along the soil cation concentration gradient. All 61 palm taxa exhibited statistical responses along soil nutrient gradients. Response shapes in relation to exchangeable bases varied among bimodal skewed (51% of species), unimodal skewed (47%) and monotonic (2%).There were no significant differences between canopy vs. understorey species in their mean response shapes to the exchangeable bases, but canopy species had significantly higher mean optimum value for soil P and greater mean niche width along the Ca, K, Mg, P and boron (B) gradients. Varieties of the same species of Bactris, Desmoncus and Geonoma generally had different response shapes and different optima for the exchangeable bases.Synthesis. Among the soil variables we studied, macronutrients (especially exchangeable bases and P) emerged as more important than micronutrients in predicting species abundances in palm communities of western Amazonian non-inundated forests. Non-Gaussian responses were predominant, conspecific palm varieties exhibited different response types, and the rank order of dominance of canopy palms varied along the gradients of exchangeable bases and P. Together, these findings advance niche theory about palms and may be used for generating better predictive models of palm species distributions and for experimental studies that search for the physiological mechanisms underlying inter- and infra-specific trade-offs along edaphic gradients.

AB - Understanding the responses of individual plant species along different edaphic gradients is a key question in ecology, with implications to community assembly, functioning of forest ecosystems, niche theory and conservation planning. In tropical rain forests, responses to soil nutrients have been described only for a handful of species. Even abundant and conspicuous components of the forest, such as the palms (Arecaceae), remain largely unknown in this respect.We inventoried all palm species and analysed soil chemistry in 96 sites across western Amazonia to (i) assess the relative importance of some micronutrients vs. macronutrients as drivers of patterns in palm species composition, (ii) model the response shapes of 61 palm taxa and of canopy vs. understorey palms along gradients of selected soil nutrients, (iii) determine if the response shapes of conspecific palm varieties differ in relation to the most important observed soil nutrient and (iv) assess if the rank order of the most abundant canopy species changes along edaphic gradients.Patterns in palm species composition were best explained by Mehlich-III extractable exchangeable bases (Ca, K, Mg) and phosphorus (P), with the different palm species clearly separating along the soil cation concentration gradient. All 61 palm taxa exhibited statistical responses along soil nutrient gradients. Response shapes in relation to exchangeable bases varied among bimodal skewed (51% of species), unimodal skewed (47%) and monotonic (2%).There were no significant differences between canopy vs. understorey species in their mean response shapes to the exchangeable bases, but canopy species had significantly higher mean optimum value for soil P and greater mean niche width along the Ca, K, Mg, P and boron (B) gradients. Varieties of the same species of Bactris, Desmoncus and Geonoma generally had different response shapes and different optima for the exchangeable bases.Synthesis. Among the soil variables we studied, macronutrients (especially exchangeable bases and P) emerged as more important than micronutrients in predicting species abundances in palm communities of western Amazonian non-inundated forests. Non-Gaussian responses were predominant, conspecific palm varieties exhibited different response types, and the rank order of dominance of canopy palms varied along the gradients of exchangeable bases and P. Together, these findings advance niche theory about palms and may be used for generating better predictive models of palm species distributions and for experimental studies that search for the physiological mechanisms underlying inter- and infra-specific trade-offs along edaphic gradients.

KW - Arecaceae

KW - ecological response curves

KW - exchangeable bases

KW - gradient analysis

KW - Huisman-Olff-Fresco models

KW - phosphorus

KW - plant community ecology

KW - resource gradients

KW - tropical forest

KW - tropical soils

KW - MACROSTACHYS ARECACEAE VARIETIES

KW - NET PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY

KW - DIRECT GRADIENT ANALYSIS

KW - TROPICAL FOREST SOILS

KW - RAIN-FORESTS

KW - GEONOMA-MACROSTACHYS

KW - SPECIES DISTRIBUTIONS

KW - DISTRIBUTION PATTERNS

KW - FLORISTIC PATTERNS

KW - UNDERSTOREY PALMS

U2 - 10.1111/1365-2745.12708

DO - 10.1111/1365-2745.12708

M3 - Journal article

VL - 105

SP - 367

EP - 381

JO - Journal of Ecology

JF - Journal of Ecology

SN - 0022-0477

IS - 2

ER -