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Mitigating Narrowband Noise Sources Close to the Larmor Frequency in Surface NMR

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Mitigating Narrowband Noise Sources Close to the Larmor Frequency in Surface NMR. / Grombacher, Denys; Liu, Lichao; Osterman, Gordon Kenrick; Larsen, Jakob Juul.

In: IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, Vol. 18, No. 8, 08.2021, p. 1376-1380.

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@article{3f5fc74299484c8ca064daf42b14be46,
title = "Mitigating Narrowband Noise Sources Close to the Larmor Frequency in Surface NMR",
abstract = "A common noise source in surface nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is narrowband noise sources that occur at frequencies close to the Larmor frequency, such as power-line harmonics or other sinusoidal signals of unknown origin. These noise sources can lead to significant perturbation on the estimated NMR signal and degrade the accuracy of subsurface characterizations. We demonstrate that the spectral analysis envelope detection scheme, where the envelope is estimated using the discrete Fourier transform for a suite of sliding windows, can be modified to mitigate the effect of narrowband noise sources. Selection of an appropriate length rectangular window is shown to allow one to effectively place a stopband at frequencies very close to the Larmor frequency, where the stopband may be selected to coincide with narrowband noise sources. The result is a significant reduction in the influence of the narrowband noise source on the estimated envelope, without introduction of distorting transients on the signal. Synthetic and field results are presented to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach, as well as identify limits on the required resolution of the narrowband noise source's frequency.",
keywords = "Hydrogeophysics, signal-processing, surface nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)",
author = "Denys Grombacher and Lichao Liu and Osterman, {Gordon Kenrick} and Larsen, {Jakob Juul}",
year = "2021",
month = aug,
doi = "10.1109/LGRS.2020.3000639",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "1376--1380",
journal = "IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters",
issn = "1545-598X",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mitigating Narrowband Noise Sources Close to the Larmor Frequency in Surface NMR

AU - Grombacher, Denys

AU - Liu, Lichao

AU - Osterman, Gordon Kenrick

AU - Larsen, Jakob Juul

PY - 2021/8

Y1 - 2021/8

N2 - A common noise source in surface nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is narrowband noise sources that occur at frequencies close to the Larmor frequency, such as power-line harmonics or other sinusoidal signals of unknown origin. These noise sources can lead to significant perturbation on the estimated NMR signal and degrade the accuracy of subsurface characterizations. We demonstrate that the spectral analysis envelope detection scheme, where the envelope is estimated using the discrete Fourier transform for a suite of sliding windows, can be modified to mitigate the effect of narrowband noise sources. Selection of an appropriate length rectangular window is shown to allow one to effectively place a stopband at frequencies very close to the Larmor frequency, where the stopband may be selected to coincide with narrowband noise sources. The result is a significant reduction in the influence of the narrowband noise source on the estimated envelope, without introduction of distorting transients on the signal. Synthetic and field results are presented to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach, as well as identify limits on the required resolution of the narrowband noise source's frequency.

AB - A common noise source in surface nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is narrowband noise sources that occur at frequencies close to the Larmor frequency, such as power-line harmonics or other sinusoidal signals of unknown origin. These noise sources can lead to significant perturbation on the estimated NMR signal and degrade the accuracy of subsurface characterizations. We demonstrate that the spectral analysis envelope detection scheme, where the envelope is estimated using the discrete Fourier transform for a suite of sliding windows, can be modified to mitigate the effect of narrowband noise sources. Selection of an appropriate length rectangular window is shown to allow one to effectively place a stopband at frequencies very close to the Larmor frequency, where the stopband may be selected to coincide with narrowband noise sources. The result is a significant reduction in the influence of the narrowband noise source on the estimated envelope, without introduction of distorting transients on the signal. Synthetic and field results are presented to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach, as well as identify limits on the required resolution of the narrowband noise source's frequency.

KW - Hydrogeophysics

KW - signal-processing

KW - surface nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)

U2 - 10.1109/LGRS.2020.3000639

DO - 10.1109/LGRS.2020.3000639

M3 - Journal article

VL - 18

SP - 1376

EP - 1380

JO - IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters

JF - IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters

SN - 1545-598X

IS - 8

ER -