Aarhus University Seal / Aarhus Universitets segl

miR-155 as a Biomarker in B-Cell Malignancies

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

DOI

  • Hanne Due, Department of Haematology, Aalborg University Hospital, Hobrovej 18-22, 9100 Aalborg, Denmark; Department of Haematology, Aarhus University Hospital, Tage-Hansens Gade 2, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Pernille Svendsen
  • Julie Støve Bødker, Department of Haematology, Aalborg University Hospital, Hobrovej 18-22, 9100 Aalborg, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Alexander Schmitz
  • Martin Bøgsted
  • Hans Erik Johnsen, Department of Haematology, Aalborg University Hospital, Hobrovej 18-22, 9100 Aalborg, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 5, 9100 Aalborg, Denmark; Clinical Cancer Research Center, Aalborg University Hospital, Hobrovej 18-22, 9100 Aalborg, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Tarec Christoffer El-Galaly, Department of Haematology, Aalborg University Hospital, Hobrovej 18-22, 9100 Aalborg, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 5, 9100 Aalborg, Denmark; Clinical Cancer Research Center, Aalborg University Hospital, Hobrovej 18-22, 9100 Aalborg, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Anne Stidsholt Roug
  • Karen Dybkær, Department of Haematology, Aalborg University Hospital, Hobrovej 18-22, 9100 Aalborg, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 5, 9100 Aalborg, Denmark.

MicroRNAs have the potential to be useful biomarkers in the development of individualized treatment since they are easy to detect, are relatively stable during sample handling, and are important determinants of cellular processes controlling pathogenesis, progression, and response to treatment of several types of cancers including B-cell malignancies. miR-155 is an oncomiR with a crucial role in tumor initiation and development of several B-cell malignancies. The present review elucidates the potential of miR-155 as a diagnostic, prognostic, or predictive biomarker in B-cell malignancies using a systematic search strategy to identify relevant literature. miR-155 was upregulated in several malignancies compared to nonmalignant controls and overexpression of miR-155 was further associated with poor prognosis. Elevated expression of miR-155 shows potential as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Additionally, in vitro and in vivo studies suggest miR-155 as an efficient therapeutic target, supporting its oncogenic function. The use of inhibiting anti-miR structures indicates promising potential as novel anticancer therapeutics. Reports from 53 studies prove that miR-155 has the potential to be a molecular tool in personalized medicine.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2016
Pages (from-to)9513037
ISSN2314-6133
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • Journal Article, Review

See relations at Aarhus University Citationformats

ID: 103606886