Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research

Minor harassments: Ethnic minority youth in the Nordic countries and their perceptions of the police

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Standard

Minor harassments: Ethnic minority youth in the Nordic countries and their perceptions of the police. / Haller, Mie Birk; Solhjell, Randi; Saarikkomäki, Elsa et al.

In: Criminology & Criminal Justice, Vol. 20, No. 1, 02.2020, p. 3-20.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Haller, MB, Solhjell, R, Saarikkomäki, E, Kolind, T, Hunt, G & Wästerfors, D 2020, 'Minor harassments: Ethnic minority youth in the Nordic countries and their perceptions of the police', Criminology & Criminal Justice, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 3-20. https://doi.org/10.1177/1748895818800744

APA

Haller, M. B., Solhjell, R., Saarikkomäki, E., Kolind, T., Hunt, G., & Wästerfors, D. (2020). Minor harassments: Ethnic minority youth in the Nordic countries and their perceptions of the police. Criminology & Criminal Justice, 20(1), 3-20. https://doi.org/10.1177/1748895818800744

CBE

Haller MB, Solhjell R, Saarikkomäki E, Kolind T, Hunt G, Wästerfors D. 2020. Minor harassments: Ethnic minority youth in the Nordic countries and their perceptions of the police. Criminology & Criminal Justice. 20(1):3-20. https://doi.org/10.1177/1748895818800744

MLA

Vancouver

Haller MB, Solhjell R, Saarikkomäki E, Kolind T, Hunt G, Wästerfors D. Minor harassments: Ethnic minority youth in the Nordic countries and their perceptions of the police. Criminology & Criminal Justice. 2020 Feb;20(1):3-20. doi: 10.1177/1748895818800744

Author

Haller, Mie Birk ; Solhjell, Randi ; Saarikkomäki, Elsa et al. / Minor harassments: Ethnic minority youth in the Nordic countries and their perceptions of the police. In: Criminology & Criminal Justice. 2020 ; Vol. 20, No. 1. pp. 3-20.

Bibtex

@article{1a89a361a3a240bd8643856e6542b057,
title = "Minor harassments: Ethnic minority youth in the Nordic countries and their perceptions of the police",
abstract = "As different social groups are directly and indirectly confronted with diverse forms of police practices, different sectors of the population accumulate different experiences and respond differently to the police. This study focuses on the everyday experiences of the police among ethnic minority young people in the Nordic countries. The data for the article are based on semi-structured interviews with 121 young people in Sweden, Norway, Finland and Denmark. In these interviews, many of the participants refer to experiences of “minor harassments” – police interactions characterized by low-level reciprocal intimidations and subtle provocations, exhibited in specific forms of body language, attitudes and a range of expressions to convey derogatory views. We argue that “minor harassments” can be viewed as a mode of conflictual communication which is inscribed in everyday involuntary interactions between the police and ethnic minority youth and which, over time, can develop an almost ritualized character. Consequently, minority youth are more likely to hold shared experiences that influence their perceptions of procedural justice, notions of legitimacy and the extent to which they comply with law enforcement representatives.",
keywords = "Ethnic minority youth, Nordic policing, micro-aggressions, minor harassments, procedural justice",
author = "Haller, {Mie Birk} and Randi Solhjell and Elsa Saarikkom{\"a}ki and Torsten Kolind and Geoffrey Hunt and David W{\"a}sterfors",
year = "2020",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1177/1748895818800744",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "3--20",
journal = "Criminology & Criminal Justice",
issn = "1748-8958",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Minor harassments: Ethnic minority youth in the Nordic countries and their perceptions of the police

AU - Haller, Mie Birk

AU - Solhjell, Randi

AU - Saarikkomäki, Elsa

AU - Kolind, Torsten

AU - Hunt, Geoffrey

AU - Wästerfors, David

PY - 2020/2

Y1 - 2020/2

N2 - As different social groups are directly and indirectly confronted with diverse forms of police practices, different sectors of the population accumulate different experiences and respond differently to the police. This study focuses on the everyday experiences of the police among ethnic minority young people in the Nordic countries. The data for the article are based on semi-structured interviews with 121 young people in Sweden, Norway, Finland and Denmark. In these interviews, many of the participants refer to experiences of “minor harassments” – police interactions characterized by low-level reciprocal intimidations and subtle provocations, exhibited in specific forms of body language, attitudes and a range of expressions to convey derogatory views. We argue that “minor harassments” can be viewed as a mode of conflictual communication which is inscribed in everyday involuntary interactions between the police and ethnic minority youth and which, over time, can develop an almost ritualized character. Consequently, minority youth are more likely to hold shared experiences that influence their perceptions of procedural justice, notions of legitimacy and the extent to which they comply with law enforcement representatives.

AB - As different social groups are directly and indirectly confronted with diverse forms of police practices, different sectors of the population accumulate different experiences and respond differently to the police. This study focuses on the everyday experiences of the police among ethnic minority young people in the Nordic countries. The data for the article are based on semi-structured interviews with 121 young people in Sweden, Norway, Finland and Denmark. In these interviews, many of the participants refer to experiences of “minor harassments” – police interactions characterized by low-level reciprocal intimidations and subtle provocations, exhibited in specific forms of body language, attitudes and a range of expressions to convey derogatory views. We argue that “minor harassments” can be viewed as a mode of conflictual communication which is inscribed in everyday involuntary interactions between the police and ethnic minority youth and which, over time, can develop an almost ritualized character. Consequently, minority youth are more likely to hold shared experiences that influence their perceptions of procedural justice, notions of legitimacy and the extent to which they comply with law enforcement representatives.

KW - Ethnic minority youth

KW - Nordic policing

KW - micro-aggressions

KW - minor harassments

KW - procedural justice

U2 - 10.1177/1748895818800744

DO - 10.1177/1748895818800744

M3 - Journal article

VL - 20

SP - 3

EP - 20

JO - Criminology & Criminal Justice

JF - Criminology & Criminal Justice

SN - 1748-8958

IS - 1

ER -