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Microbiological Characterization of Cutibacterium acnes Strains Isolated from Prosthetic Joint Infections

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  • Llanos Salar-Vidal, IIS-Fundación Jiménez Díaz
  • ,
  • John Jairo Aguilera-Correa, IIS-Fundación Jiménez Díaz
  • ,
  • Holger Brüggemann
  • Yvonne Achermann, University of Zurich, Hospital Zollikerberg
  • ,
  • Jaime Esteban, IIS-Fundación Jiménez Díaz, CIBER - Center for Biomedical Research Network
  • ,
  • The ESGIAI (ESCMID Study Group for Implant-Associated Infections) for the Study of Cutibacterium Infections

AIMS: This study aimed to characterize 79 Cutibacterium acnes strains isolated from prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) originated from eight European hospitals.

METHODS: Isolates were phylotyped according to the single-locus sequence typing (SLST) scheme. We evaluated the ability of the biofilm formation of C. acnes strains isolated from PJIs and 84 isolates recovered from healthy skin. Antibiotic susceptibility testing of planktonic and biofilm cells of PJI isolates and skin isolates was performed.

RESULTS: Most of the isolates from PJIs belonged to the SLST class H/phylotype IB (34.2%), followed by class D/phylotype IA1 (21.5%), class A/phylotype IA1 (18.9%), and class K/phylotype II (13.9%). All tested isolates were biofilm producers; no difference in biofilm formation was observed between the healthy skin group and the PJI group of strains. Planktonic and sessile cells of C. acnes remained highly susceptible to a broad spectrum of antibiotics, including beta-lactams, clindamycin, fluoroquinolones, linezolid, rifampin, and vancomycin. The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for planktonic and biofilm states coincided in most cases. However, the minimal biofilm eradication concentration (MBEC) was high for all antimicrobial drugs tested (>32 mg/L), except for rifampin (2 mg/L).

CONCLUSIONS: C. acnes strains isolated from healthy skin were able to produce biofilm to the same extent as isolates recovered from PJIs. All C. acnes strains in planktonic and sessile states were susceptible to most antibiotics commonly used for PJI treatment, although rifampin was the only antimicrobial agent able to eradicate C. acnes embedded in biofilm.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022

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