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Methodological terminology and definitions for research and discussion of cow-calf contact systems

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  • Janja Sirovnik, Justus Liebig University Giessen, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Germany
  • Kerstin Barth, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Germany
  • Daiana de Oliveira, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
  • Sabine Ferneborg, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway
  • Marie Haskell, Scotlands Rural College (SRUC), Edinburgh, UK
  • ,
  • Edna Hillmann, Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany
  • Margit Bak Jensen
  • Cecilie Mejdell, Norwegian Veterinary Institute
  • ,
  • Fabio Napolitano, Università degli Studi della Basilicata, Italy
  • Mette Vaarst
  • Cynthia Verwer, Louis Bolk Institute, Bunnik, Netherlands
  • Susanne Waiblinger, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Austria
  • Katharina A. Zipp, University of Kassel, Germany
  • Julie Føske Johnsen, Norwegian Veterinary Institute, Norway
Due to increasing public concern regarding separation of the dairy cow and calf within the first days after birth, alternative systems, where cows and calves stay in contact for an extended period, are receiving increasing interest from a broad array of researchers and other stakeholders. With more research in the area, there is a risk of inconsistencies emerging in the use of terminology. To create a better consensus in further discussions, the aim of this Research Reflection is to provide definitions and propose a common terminology for cow-calf contact in dairy production. We also suggest definitions for various systems allowing cow-calf contact and describe the distinct phases of cow-calf contact systems.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Dairy Research
Pages (from-to)108-114
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

    Research areas

  • animal welfare, dairy cattle, dairy suckling systems, dam rearing, foster cow, Animal welfare, ATTACHMENT, SUCKLING DAIRY CALVES, PERFORMANCE, CATTLE, MATERNAL-BEHAVIOR, EARLY SEPARATION, WEIGHT-GAIN, HEALTH, AGE, MILK

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