Metastasis directed treatment of brain metastases from colorectal cancer - a Danish population-based cohort study

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Background: Brain metastases (BMs) are an uncommon presentation of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) with reported incidence of about 2-4%. Today, there is an increased awareness towards a metastasis directed treatment approach with either surgical resection, stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) or both. We examined patient characteristics and survival for patients treated with a localized modality for BM from CRC in a nationwide population-based study.Methods: A registry-based cohort study of all patients with a resected primary colorectal cancer and localized treatment of BM during 2000-2013. We computed descriptive statistics and analysed overall survival by the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression.Results: A total of 38131 patients had surgery for a primary CRC and 235 patients were recorded with a metastasis directed treatment for BM, comprising resection alone (n = 158), SRT alone (n = 51) and combined resection and SRT (n = 26). Rectal primary tumor (48.9% vs. 36.2%, p < .001) and lung metastasectomy (11.9 vs 2.8%, p < .001) were more frequent in the BM group. The median survival of patients receiving localized treatment for BM was 9.6 months (95% confidence interval (CI) 7.2-10.8). The 1- and 5-year overall survival were 41.7% (95% CI 35-48%) and 11.2% (95% CI 6.9-16.3%). In multivariate analysis, nodal stage was associated with increased mortality with a hazard ratio of 1.63 (95% CI 1.07-2.60, p = .03) for N2 stage with reference to N0.Conclusion: We report a median overall survival of 9.6 months for patients receiving localized treatment for BM from CRC. Lung metastases and rectal primary tumor are more common in the population treated for BM.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden)
Pages (from-to)1118-1122
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

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