Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences

Memory-Related Emotion Regulation and its Relation to Internalizing Symptoms

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Memory-Related Emotion Regulation and its Relation to Internalizing Symptoms. / del Palacio-Gonzalez, Adriana; Berntsen, Dorthe.

In: Cognitive Therapy and Research, Vol. 44, No. 6, 12.2020, p. 1162-1176.

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@article{a9445afffb13418fbd653a459bab0d28,
title = "Memory-Related Emotion Regulation and its Relation to Internalizing Symptoms",
abstract = "Background: Memory-related emotion-regulation is the emotion-regulation strategies employed in response to the retrieval of specific autobiographical memories. We propose that memory-related emotion-regulation may facilitate the link between a memory{\textquoteright}s centrality to an individual{\textquoteright}s identity and internalizing symptoms as identified in previous work. Method: In two studies (Ns = 229 and 199), Amazon MTurk workers reported the use of five emotion regulation strategies in relation to recent memories that were judged to be either highly central or less central to their identity. Further, participants completed different measures of depression and anxiety symptoms. Results: Across both studies, high-centrality memories were associated with greater employment of emotion regulation strategies than low-centrality memories. Brooding over high-centrality memories (but not low-centrality memories) predicted depressive symptoms. For anxiety, in Study 1, emotion regulation for both high- and low-centrality memories was associated with higher generalized anxiety disorder symptoms (i.e. worry). In Study 2, emotion regulation of high-centrality memories (but not low-centrality memories) predicted fear and panic symptoms. Conclusions: Highly central memories were associated with a distinct emotional experience and emotion regulation strategies. Brooding, when remembering highly central events, was robustly associated with all types of internalizing symptoms. Other emotion regulation strategies showed less consistent patterns, and emotion regulation for low centrality memories was related only to worry. Overall, the findings underscore the importance that memory centrality has for understanding emotion regulation when experiencing elevated depressive and anxiety symptoms.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Appraisal, Autobiographical memory, Depression, Emotion regulation, Event centrality, Internalizing, Life events",
author = "{del Palacio-Gonzalez}, Adriana and Dorthe Berntsen",
year = "2020",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1007/s10608-020-10137-w",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "1162--1176",
journal = "Cognitive Therapy and Research",
issn = "0147-5916",
publisher = "Springer New York LLC",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Memory-Related Emotion Regulation and its Relation to Internalizing Symptoms

AU - del Palacio-Gonzalez, Adriana

AU - Berntsen, Dorthe

PY - 2020/12

Y1 - 2020/12

N2 - Background: Memory-related emotion-regulation is the emotion-regulation strategies employed in response to the retrieval of specific autobiographical memories. We propose that memory-related emotion-regulation may facilitate the link between a memory’s centrality to an individual’s identity and internalizing symptoms as identified in previous work. Method: In two studies (Ns = 229 and 199), Amazon MTurk workers reported the use of five emotion regulation strategies in relation to recent memories that were judged to be either highly central or less central to their identity. Further, participants completed different measures of depression and anxiety symptoms. Results: Across both studies, high-centrality memories were associated with greater employment of emotion regulation strategies than low-centrality memories. Brooding over high-centrality memories (but not low-centrality memories) predicted depressive symptoms. For anxiety, in Study 1, emotion regulation for both high- and low-centrality memories was associated with higher generalized anxiety disorder symptoms (i.e. worry). In Study 2, emotion regulation of high-centrality memories (but not low-centrality memories) predicted fear and panic symptoms. Conclusions: Highly central memories were associated with a distinct emotional experience and emotion regulation strategies. Brooding, when remembering highly central events, was robustly associated with all types of internalizing symptoms. Other emotion regulation strategies showed less consistent patterns, and emotion regulation for low centrality memories was related only to worry. Overall, the findings underscore the importance that memory centrality has for understanding emotion regulation when experiencing elevated depressive and anxiety symptoms.

AB - Background: Memory-related emotion-regulation is the emotion-regulation strategies employed in response to the retrieval of specific autobiographical memories. We propose that memory-related emotion-regulation may facilitate the link between a memory’s centrality to an individual’s identity and internalizing symptoms as identified in previous work. Method: In two studies (Ns = 229 and 199), Amazon MTurk workers reported the use of five emotion regulation strategies in relation to recent memories that were judged to be either highly central or less central to their identity. Further, participants completed different measures of depression and anxiety symptoms. Results: Across both studies, high-centrality memories were associated with greater employment of emotion regulation strategies than low-centrality memories. Brooding over high-centrality memories (but not low-centrality memories) predicted depressive symptoms. For anxiety, in Study 1, emotion regulation for both high- and low-centrality memories was associated with higher generalized anxiety disorder symptoms (i.e. worry). In Study 2, emotion regulation of high-centrality memories (but not low-centrality memories) predicted fear and panic symptoms. Conclusions: Highly central memories were associated with a distinct emotional experience and emotion regulation strategies. Brooding, when remembering highly central events, was robustly associated with all types of internalizing symptoms. Other emotion regulation strategies showed less consistent patterns, and emotion regulation for low centrality memories was related only to worry. Overall, the findings underscore the importance that memory centrality has for understanding emotion regulation when experiencing elevated depressive and anxiety symptoms.

KW - Anxiety

KW - Appraisal

KW - Autobiographical memory

KW - Depression

KW - Emotion regulation

KW - Event centrality

KW - Internalizing

KW - Life events

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85088259122&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10608-020-10137-w

DO - 10.1007/s10608-020-10137-w

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85088259122

VL - 44

SP - 1162

EP - 1176

JO - Cognitive Therapy and Research

JF - Cognitive Therapy and Research

SN - 0147-5916

IS - 6

ER -