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Measurement invariance of the comprehensive feeding practices questionnaire in dual-earner parents with adolescent children in Chile

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  • Carola Del Valle, Universidad de la Frontera
  • ,
  • Horacio Miranda, Universidad de la Frontera
  • ,
  • Ligia Orellana, Universidad de la Frontera
  • ,
  • Klaus G. Grunert
  • Berta Schnettler, Universidad de la Frontera, Universidad Catolica de Santiago de Guayaquil

The Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire (CFPQ) has been evaluated in international studies, but the evaluation of its psychometric properties in Spanish, and in particular for parents of adolescents is still limited, and the invariance of measurement according to gender has not been evaluated. Therefore, the objectives of this study were: (1) To adapt the five-factor model of the CFPQ instrument to Spanish; (2) To examine the psychometric properties of this adaptation; and (3) To evaluate the measurement invariance of the model to verify the equivalence of measurement of the perceptions of food parenting practices between mothers and fathers belonging to nuclear, dual-earner families with adolescent children. Participants were 946 mothers and fathers from Southern Chile. Results showed that the conceptual equivalence for the CFPQ was achieved. An exploratory factor analysis was performed for a five-factor model: Monitoring, Child control, Restriction for weight control, Modeling and Environment. Horn’s parallel analysis identified four factors, while factor loading analysis determined the removal of the environment factor. Confirmatory factor analysis presented good reliability values. Convergent and discriminant validity was confirmed, and medium-to-high levels of goodness of fit were obtained, eliminating two items. Results supported a final model of four factors and 19 items. Multigroup analysis of the measurement model verified the configural and metric invariance between fathers and mothers, while the scalar and strict partial invariance was verified. These findings are a relevant guide to measure factorial scores in the four-factor model of the CFPQ, establishing a characterization of feeding practices of parents and adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1031391
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2023 Del Valle, Miranda, Orellana, Grunert and Schnettler.

    Research areas

  • CFPQ, eating habits, food parenting practices, multigroup measure invariance, psychometric properties

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