May Measurement Month 2018: an analysis of blood pressure screening results from Nepal

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Tara Ballav Adhikari
  • Harikrishna Bhattarai, Nepal Development Society
  • ,
  • Kamal Ranabhat, Tribhuvan University
  • ,
  • Pratik Khanal, Nepal Development Society
  • ,
  • Shiva Raj Mishra, Nepal Development Society
  • ,
  • Sweta Koirala, Nepal Development Society
  • ,
  • Sadhna Pandey, Tribhuvan University
  • ,
  • Surya Devkota, Manamohan Memorial Institute of Health Science
  • ,
  • Milan Gairhe, Tribhuvan University
  • ,
  • Bimala Dhamala, Tribhuvan University
  • ,
  • Pabitra Babu Soti, Nepal Development Society
  • ,
  • Sandip Paudel, Tribhuvan University
  • ,
  • Gunaraj Lohani, Tribhuvan University
  • ,
  • Bhagawan Koirala, Manamohan Memorial Institute of Health Science
  • ,
  • Thomas Beaney, Imperial College, London
  • ,
  • Anca Chis Ster, Department of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Population, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • ,
  • Neil R Poulter, Department of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Population, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • ,
  • Dinesh Neupane, Nepal Development Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Raised blood pressure (BP) is a leading risk factor for mortality globally and in Nepal. May Measurement Month (MMM) is a global initiative aimed at screening for hypertension and raising awareness on high BP worldwide. This study provides the results of the 2018 MMM (MMM18) in Nepal. An opportunistic cross-sectional survey of volunteers aged ≥18 years was carried out in May 2018 nationwide. The standard MMM protocol was followed for BP measurement, the definition of hypertension, and statistical analysis. The campaign was publicized through various social media for recruiting volunteers and inviting participation. A total of 15 561 (58.7% male) from 35 districts of Nepal were screened in MMM18, of which 4 321 (27.8%) had hypertension. A total of 2 633 (19.0%) of 13 873 individuals who were not on antihypertensive treatment were found to be hypertensive. Of those on medication, 799 (47.4%) had uncontrolled BP. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were significantly higher in people on antihypertensive treatment, smokers, and alcohol drinkers compared with those who were not on antihypertensive treatment, smokers, and alcohol drinkers, respectively. Likewise, SBP and DBP steadily increased across increasing body mass index categories. MMM18 was the largest BP screening campaign undertaken in Nepal. MMM has highlighted the importance of a periodic public health program at the national level to increase awareness on hypertension detection and control rate, and thus, the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Heart Journal Supplements
Volume22
IssueSuppl H
Pages (from-to)H92-H95
Number of pages4
ISSN1520-765X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

Bibliographical note

Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. © The Author(s) 2020.

See relations at Aarhus University Citationformats

ID: 196140566