Mate choice in naturally inbred spiders: testing the role of relatedness

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  • Cristina Tuni, Ludwig-Maximilians-University München
  • ,
  • Laia Mestre, University of Koblenz-Landau
  • ,
  • Reut Berger-Tal, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
  • ,
  • Yael Lubin, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
  • ,
  • Trine Bilde

Mate preference based on relatedness may evolve in response to costs and benefits of inbreeding avoidance. Whereas mating with closely related individuals can have negative fitness consequences due to inbreeding depression, it may simultaneously be favoured by inclusive fitness benefits. Variation in the fitness payoff shaped by benefits of inbreeding may even lead to preference for mating with kin. We investigated this hypothesis in the social spider Stegodyphus dumicola, a cooperative species in which reproduction occurs among siblings within the group, premating dispersal is lacking and infrequent encounters with unrelated individuals result in homozygous genetic lineages. We tested whether female mate choice is influenced by male relatedness by pairing females with males that differ in the degree of genetic relatedness, namely nest members, non-nest members from the same population and non-nest members from allopatric populations. We recorded premating (male rejections, latency to mating) and mating (copulation duration and interruptions) behaviours. Females showed no preference for partners on the basis of their relatedness during the premating phase, as frequencies of rejections and successful matings did not differ markedly in encounters with nest and non-nest members. This suggests that selection on discriminatory mechanisms may be weakened or lost in species with inbreeding tolerance and in which relatedness between interacting individuals is very high and variance in relatedness extremely low. Unrelated males from the geographically distant population experienced longer copulations than males from the same population. We interpret this finding as depicting a possible scenario of a between-population reproductive barrier or functional incompatibility, which may be the mechanism causing lower fitness in between-population crosses previously documented in these populations.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnimal Behaviour
Volume157
Pages (from-to)27-33
Number of pages7
ISSN0003-3472
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

    Research areas

  • female choice, inbreeding, kin discrimination, reproductive barrier

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