Marine n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and bone mineral density in kidney transplant recipients: A randomized, placebo-controlled trial

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DOI

  • Hanne Skou Jørgensen
  • Ivar Anders Eide, University of Oslo
  • ,
  • Trond Jenssen, University of Oslo
  • ,
  • Anders Åsberg, University of Oslo
  • ,
  • Jens Bollerslev, University of Oslo
  • ,
  • Kristin Godang, University of Oslo
  • ,
  • Anders Hartmann, University of Oslo
  • ,
  • Erik Berg Schmidt, Aalborg University
  • ,
  • My Svensson, University of Oslo

Kidney transplant recipients are at high risk of progressive bone loss and low-energy fractures in the years following transplantation. Marine n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) supplementation may have beneficial effects on bone strength. The Omega-3 fatty acids in Renal Transplantation (ORENTRA) trial was an investigator initiated, randomized, placebo-controlled trial investigating the effects of marine n-3 PUFA supplementation after kidney transplantation. Effects of supplementation on bone mineral density (BMD) and calcium metabolism were pre-defined secondary endpoints. Adult kidney transplant recipients (n = 132) were randomized to 2.6 g marine n-3 PUFA supplement or olive oil (control) from 8 to 52 weeks post-transplant. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry was performed to assess changes in bone mineral density of hip, spine, and forearm, as well as trabecular bone score (TBS) of the lumbar spine. Student’s t test was used to assess between-group differences. There were no differences in ∆BMD between the two groups (intervention vs. control) at lumbar spine (−0.020 ± 0.08 vs. −0.007 ± 0.07 g/cm2, p = 0.34), total hip (0.001 ± 0.03 vs. −0.005 ± 0.04, p = 0.38), or other skeletal sites in the intention-to-treat analyses. There was no difference in the change in TBS score (0.001 ± 0.096 vs. 0.009 ± 0.102, p = 0.62). Finally, no effect on biochemical parameters of mineral metabolism was seen. Results were similar when analyzed per protocol. In conclusion, we found no significant effect of 44 weeks of supplementation with 2.6 g of marine n-3 PUFA on BMD in kidney transplant recipients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2361
JournalNutrients
Volume13
Issue7
Number of pages10
ISSN2072-6643
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

    Research areas

  • Bone density, Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder, Fatty acids, Fish oil, Kidney transplantation, Osteoporosis

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