Mapping Escherichia coli elongation factor Tu residues involved in binding of aminoacyl-tRNA.

Ove Wiborg, C Andersen, Charlotte Rohde Knudsen, Brian F. C. Clark, Jens Nyborg

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    Abstract

    Two residues of Escherichia coli elongation factor Tu involved in binding of aminoacyl-tRNA were identified and subjected to mutational analysis. Lys-89 and Asn-90 were each replaced by either Ala or Glu. The four single mutants were denoted K89A, K89E, N90A, and N90E, respectively. The mutants were characterized with respect to thermal and chemical stability, GTPase activity, tRNA affinity, and activity in an in vitro translation assay. Most conspicuously tRNA affinities were reduced for all mutants. The results verify our structural analysis of elongation factor Tu in complex with aminoacyl-tRNA, which suggested an important role of Lys-89 and Asn-90 in tRNA binding. Furthermore, our results indicate helix B to be an important target site for nucleotide exchange factor EF-Ts. Also the mutants His-66 to Ala and His-118 to either Ala or Glu were characterized in an in vitro translation assay. Their functional roles are discussed in relation to the structure of elongation factor Tu in complex with aminoacyl-tRNA.
    Udgivelsesdato: 1996-Aug-23
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Volume271
    Issue34
    Pages (from-to)20406-11
    Number of pages5
    ISSN0021-9258
    Publication statusPublished - 1996

    Keywords

    • Amino Acid Sequence
    • Binding Sites
    • Escherichia coli
    • GTP Phosphohydrolase-Linked Elongation Factors
    • Kinetics
    • Models, Molecular
    • Molecular Sequence Data
    • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
    • Peptide Chain Elongation, Translational
    • Peptide Elongation Factor Tu
    • Protein Binding
    • RNA, Transfer, Amino Acyl
    • Structure-Activity Relationship

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