Department of Economics and Business Economics

Mapping 123 million neonatal, infant and child deaths between 2000 and 2017

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Roy Burstein, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Nathaniel J. Henry, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Michael L. Collison, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Laurie B. Marczak, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Amber Sligar, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Stefanie Watson, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Neal Marquez, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Mahdieh Abbasalizad-Farhangi, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
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  • Masoumeh Abbasi, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences
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  • Foad Abd-Allah, International University of Cairo
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  • Amir Abdoli, Jahrom University of Medical Science
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  • Mohammad Abdollahi, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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  • Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Arak University of Medical Sciences
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  • Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader, Ministry of Health Saudi Arabia
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  • Michael R.M. Abrigo, Philippine Institute for Development Studies
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  • Dilaram Acharya, Dongguk University, Gyeongju, Kathmandu University
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  • Oladimeji M. Adebayo, University of Ibadan
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  • Victor Adekanmbi, Cardiff University
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  • Davoud Adham, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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  • Mahdi Afshari, Zabol University of Medical Sciences
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  • Mohammad Aghaali, Qom University of Medical Sciences
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  • Keivan Ahmadi, School of Pharmacy, Lincoln University
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  • Mehdi Ahmadi, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
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  • Ehsan Ahmadpour, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
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  • Rushdia Ahmed, BRAC University, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh
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  • Chalachew Genet Akal, Bahar Dar University
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  • Joshua O. Akinyemi, University of Ibadan
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  • Fares Alahdab, Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN
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  • Noore Alam, Queensland Health Pathology Service
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  • Genet Melak Alamene, Madda Walabu University
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  • Kefyalew Addis Alene, Gondar University, Australian National University
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  • Mehran Alijanzadeh, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences
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  • Cyrus Alinia, Urmia University
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  • Vahid Alipour, Iran University of Medical Sciences
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  • Syed Mohamed Aljunid, Kuwait University, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
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  • Mohammed J. Almalki, Jazan University
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  • Hesham M. Al-Mekhlafi, Jazan University, Sanaa University
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  • Khalid Altirkawi, King Saud University, Riyadh
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  • Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Universidad de Cartagena, Universidad de la Costa
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  • Adeladza Kofi Amegah, University of Cape Coast Ghana
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  • Saeed Amini, Arak University of Medical Sciences
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  • Arianna Maever Loreche Amit, University of the Philippines, Johns Hopkins University
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  • Zohreh Anbari, Arak University of Medical Sciences
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  • Sofia Androudi, Department of Crop Production and Rural Environment
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  • Mina Anjomshoa, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences
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  • Fereshteh Ansari, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
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  • Carl Abelardo T. Antonio, University of the Philippines, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
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  • Jalal Arabloo, Iran University of Medical Sciences
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  • Zohreh Arefi, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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  • Olatunde Aremu, Birmingham City University
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  • Bahram Armoon, Saveh University of Medical Sciences
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  • Amit Arora, Western Sydney University, Oral Health Services
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  • Al Artaman, University of Manitoba
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  • Anvar Asadi, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences
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  • Mehran Asadi-Aliabadi, Iran University of Medical Sciences
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  • Amir Ashraf-Ganjouei, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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  • Reza Assadi, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
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  • Bahar Ataeinia, Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center
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  • Sachin R. Atre, Johns Hopkins University, Padmashree Dr. D.Y. Patil University
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  • Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, La Trobe University, University of Rochester
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  • Martin Amogre Ayanore, University of Health and Allied Sciences
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  • Samad Azari, Iran University of Medical Sciences
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  • Ebrahim Babaee, Iran University of Medical Sciences
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  • Arefeh Babazadeh, Center for Infectious Diseases Research
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  • Alaa Badawi, Public Health Agency of Canada, University of Toronto
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  • Soghra Bagheri, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences
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  • Mojtaba Bagherzadeh, Sharif University of Technology
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  • Nafiseh Baheiraei, Tarbiat Modares University, Advanced Technologies Research Group
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  • Abbas Balouchi, Iran University of Medical Sciences
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  • Aleksandra Barac, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade University School of Medicine
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  • Quique Bassat, Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Theoretical and Computational Neuroscience Group, Center of Brain and Cognition, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, 08018 Barcelona, Spain; Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), 08010 Barcelona, Spain.
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  • Bernhard T. Baune, Melbourne Medical School
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  • Mohsen Bayati, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
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  • Neeraj Bedi, Jazan University, Gandhi Medical College
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  • Ettore Beghi, IRCCS Istituto di ricerche farmacologiche Mario Negri - Milano, Bergamo, Ranica
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  • Masoud Behzadifar, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences
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  • Meysam Behzadifar, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences
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  • Yared Belete Belay, Mekelle University
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  • Brent Bell, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Michelle L. Bell, Yale University
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  • Dessalegn Ajema Berbada, Arba Minch University
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  • Robert S. Bernstein, Emory University, University of South Florida Tampa
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  • Natalia V. Bhattacharjee, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Suraj Bhattarai, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Nepal Academy of Science & Technology
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  • Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, The Hospital for Sick Children, Aga Khan University
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  • Ali Bijani, Babol University of Medical Sciences
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  • Somayeh Bohlouli, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch
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  • Nicholas J.K. Breitborde, The Ohio State University
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  • Gabrielle Britton, Institute for Scientific Research and High Technology Services, Gorgas Memorial Institute for Health Studies
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  • Annie J. Browne, Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
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  • Sharath Burugina Nagaraja, Employees’ State Insurance Model Hospital
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  • Reinhard Busse, Technical University of Berlin
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  • Zahid A. Butt, The University of British Columbia, Al Shifa Trust Eye Hospital
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  • Josip Car, Nanyang Technological University, Imperial College London, London, UK.
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  • Rosario Cárdenas, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana
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  • Carlos A. Castañeda-Orjuela, University of Rochester, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
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  • Ester Cerin, Australian Catholic University, University of Hong Kong
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  • Wagaye Fentahun Chanie, Gondar University
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  • Pranab Chatterjee, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases India
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  • Dinh Toi Chu, Hanoi National University of Education
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  • Cyrus Cooper, Oxford University, Oxford, UK., Medical Research Council
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  • Vera M. Costa, University of Porto
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  • Koustuv Dalal, Institute of Public Health Kalyani, Örebro University
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  • Lalit Dandona, University of Washington, Seattle, Public Health Foundation of India
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  • Rakhi Dandona, University of Washington, Seattle, Public Health Foundation of India
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  • Farah Daoud, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Ahmad Daryani, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
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  • Rajat Das Gupta, BRAC University
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  • Ian Davis, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Nicole Davis Weaver, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Dragos Virgil Davitoiu, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Clinical Emergency Hospital St Pantelimon
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  • Jan Walter De Neve, Universität Heidelberg
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  • Feleke Mekonnen Demeke, Bahar Dar University
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  • Gebre Teklemariam Demoz, Aksum University, Addis Abeba University
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  • Kebede Deribe, Addis Abeba University, Brighton and Sussex Medical School
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  • Rupak Desai, Department of Veterans Affairs
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  • Aniruddha Deshpande, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Hanna Demelash Desyibelew, Bahar Dar University
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  • Sagnik Dey, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
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  • Samath Dhamminda Dharmaratne, University of Washington, Seattle, University of Peradeniya
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  • Meghnath Dhimal, Nepal Health Research Council
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  • Daniel Diaz, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Universidad Autonoma de Sinaloa
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  • Leila Doshmangir, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
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  • Andre R. Duraes, Federal University of Bahia, Roberto Santos General Hospital
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  • Laura Dwyer-Lindgren, University of Washington, Seattle, University of Washington
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  • Lucas Earl, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Roya Ebrahimi, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
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  • Soheil Ebrahimpour, Center for Infectious Diseases Research
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  • Andem Effiong, University of Newcastle, Australia
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  • Aziz Eftekhari, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences
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  • Elham Ehsani-Chimeh, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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  • Iman El Sayed, Alexandria University
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  • Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Mansoura University
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  • Maha El Tantawi, Alexandria University, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University
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  • Ziad El-Khatib, Karolinska Institutet
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  • Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences
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  • Shymaa Enany, Suez Canal University
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  • Sharareh Eskandarieh, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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  • Oghenowede Eyawo, University of British Columbia, Simon Fraser University
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  • Maha Ezalarab, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Babol University of Medical Sciences
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  • Mohammad Fareed, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University
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  • Roghiyeh Faridnia, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
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  • Andre Faro, Universidade Federal de Sergipe
  • ,
  • Ali Akbar Fazaeli, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
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  • Mehdi Fazlzadeh, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Netsanet Fentahun, Bahar Dar University
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  • Seyed Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Karolinska Institutet, t of Biology, University of Ottawa, 30-268 Marie Curie, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5, Canada
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  • João C. Fernandes, Center for Biotechnology and Fine Chemistry, Catholic University of Portugal
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  • Irina Filip, Kaiser Permanente, Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine
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  • Florian Fischer, Universität Bielefeld
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  • Nataliya A. Foigt, NAMS - Chebotarev Institute of Gerontology
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  • Masoud Foroutan, Abadan University of Medical Sciences
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  • Joel Msafiri Francis, Witwatersrand University
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  • Takeshi Fukumoto, Cancer Institute (W.I.A.), Kobe University
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  • Nancy Fullman, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Silvano Gallus, IRCCS Istituto di ricerche farmacologiche Mario Negri - Milano, Bergamo, Ranica
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  • Destallem Gebremedhin Gebre, Mekelle University, Dr Tewelde Legesse Health Sciences College
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  • Tsegaye Tewelde Gebrehiwot, Jimma University Ethiopia
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  • Gebreamlak Gebremedhn Gebremeskel, Mekelle University, Aksum University
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  • Bradford D. Gessner, Pfizer, Agency of Preventive Medicine
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  • Birhanu Geta, Wollo University
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  • Peter W. Gething, Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
  • ,
  • Reza Ghadimi, Babol University of Medical Sciences
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  • Keyghobad Ghadiri, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences
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  • Mahsa Ghajarzadeh, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Ahmad Ghashghaee, Iran University of Medical Sciences
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  • Paramjit Singh Gill, University of Warwick
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  • Tiffany K. Gill, University of Adelaide
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  • Nick Golding, School of BioSciences
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  • Nelson G.M. Gomes, University of Porto
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  • Philimon N. Gona, University of Massachusetts Boston
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  • Sameer Vali Gopalani, University of Oklahoma, Government of the Federated States of Micronesia
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  • Giuseppe Gorini, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute
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  • Bárbara Niegia Garcia Goulart, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
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  • Nicholas Graetz, University of Washington, Seattle
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  • Felix Greaves, Imperial College London, London, UK., Public Health England
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  • Manfred S. Green, University of Haifa
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  • Yuming Guo, Monash University, Zhengzhou University
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  • Arvin Haj-Mirzaian, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
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  • Arya Haj-Mirzaian, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Johns Hopkins University
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  • Brian James Hall, BGI-Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518083, China; Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Ole Maaløes Vej 5, 2200 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark; Princess Al Jawhara Center of Excellence in the Research of Hereditary Disorders, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia; Macau University of Science and Technology, Avenida Wai Long, Taipa, Macau 999078, China; Department of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong. Electronic address: wangj@genomics.org.cn.
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  • Samer Hamidi, Hamdan Bin Mohammed Smart University
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  • Hamidreza Haririan, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Josep Maria Haro, Biomedical Research Networking Center for Mental Health Network (CIBERSAM), Research and Development Unit
  • ,
  • Milad Hasankhani, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
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  • Edris Hasanpoor, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Amir Hasanzadeh, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Hadi Hassankhani, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Independent Consultant
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  • Hamid Yimam Hassen, Mizan-Tepi University, University of Antwerp
  • ,
  • Mohamed I. Hegazy, International University of Cairo
  • ,
  • Delia Hendrie, Curtin University of Technology
  • ,
  • Fatemeh Heydarpour, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Thomas R. Hird, Monash University, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute
  • ,
  • Chi Linh Hoang, Nguyen Tat Thanh University
  • ,
  • Gillian Hollerich, University of Washington, Seattle
  • ,
  • Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Guilan University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Mojtaba Hoseini-Ghahfarokhi, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Naznin Hossain, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh, University of Dhaka
  • ,
  • Mostafa Hosseini, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Mehdi Hosseinzadeh, Iran University of Medical Sciences, University of Human Development
  • ,
  • Mihaela Hostiuc, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest Emergency Hospital
  • ,
  • Sorin Hostiuc, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, National Institute of Legal Medicine Mina Minovici
  • ,
  • Mowafa Househ, Hamad bin Khalifa University, Qatar Foundation
  • ,
  • Mohamed Hsairi, Medicine School of Tunis
  • ,
  • Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi, University of Ibadan
  • ,
  • Mohammad Hasan Imani-Nasab, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Usman Iqbal, Taipei Medical University
  • ,
  • Seyed Sina Naghibi Irvani, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Nazrul Islam, University of Cambridge, Harvard University
  • ,
  • Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Deakin University, Sydney Medical School
  • ,
  • Mikk Jürisson, University of Tartu
  • ,
  • Nader Jafari Balalami, Babol Nushirvani University of Technology
  • ,
  • Amir Jalali, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Javad Javidnia, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Achala Upendra Jayatilleke, University of Colombo
  • ,
  • Ensiyeh Jenabi, Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine
  • ,
  • John S. Ji, Duke Kunshan University
  • ,
  • Yash B. Jobanputra, Miami University
  • ,
  • Kimberly Johnson, University of Washington, Seattle
  • ,
  • Jost B. Jonas, Universität Heidelberg, Capital Medical University
  • ,
  • Zahra Jorjoran Shushtari, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
  • ,
  • Jacek Jerzy Jozwiak, University of Opole
  • ,
  • Ali Kabir, Iran University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Amaha Kahsay, Mekelle University
  • ,
  • Hamed Kalani, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Rohollah Kalhor, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Manoochehr Karami, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
  • ,
  • Surendra Karki, Australian Red Cross Blood Service, University of New South Wales (UNSW) Australia
  • ,
  • Amir Kasaeian, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Nicholas J. Kassebaum, University of Washington, Seattle
  • ,
  • Peter Njenga Keiyoro, University of Nairobi
  • ,
  • Grant Rodgers Kemp, University of Washington, Seattle, Michigan State University
  • ,
  • Roghayeh Khabiri, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Yousef Saleh Khader, Jordan University of Science and Technology
  • ,
  • Morteza Abdullatif Khafaie, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Health Services Academy
  • ,
  • Junaid Khan, International Institute for Population Sciences
  • ,
  • Muhammad Shahzeb Khan, Stroger Hospital of Cook County, Dow University of Health Sciences
  • ,
  • Young Ho Khang, Seoul National University
  • ,
  • Khaled Khatab, Sheffield Hallam University, Ohio University
  • ,
  • Amir Khater, National Hepatology and Tropical Research Institute
  • ,
  • Mona M. Khater, International University of Cairo
  • ,
  • Alireza Khatony, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Mohammad Khazaei, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
  • ,
  • Salman Khazaei, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
  • ,
  • Maryam Khazaei-Pool, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Jagdish Khubchandani, Ball State University
  • ,
  • Neda Kianipour, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Yun Jin Kim, Xiamen University
  • ,
  • Ruth W. Kimokoti, Simmons College
  • ,
  • Damaris K. Kinyoki, University of Washington, Seattle, University of Washington
  • ,
  • Adnan Kisa, Kristiania University College, University of South Carolina
  • ,
  • Sezer Kisa, Oslo Metropolitan University
  • ,
  • Tufa Kolola, Debre Berhan University
  • ,
  • Soewarta Kosen, Independent Consultant
  • ,
  • Parvaiz A. Koul, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Ai Koyanagi, Theoretical and Computational Neuroscience Group, Center of Brain and Cognition, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, 08018 Barcelona, Spain; Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), 08010 Barcelona, Spain., CIBERSAM
  • ,
  • Moritz U.G. Kraemer, Oxford University, Oxford, UK., Harvard University
  • ,
  • Kewal Krishan, Panjab University
  • ,
  • Kris J. Krohn, University of Washington, Seattle
  • ,
  • Nuworza Kugbey, University of Health and Allied Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal
  • ,
  • G. Anil Kumar, Public Health Foundation of India
  • ,
  • Manasi Kumar, University of Nairobi, UCL
  • ,
  • Pushpendra Kumar, International Institute for Population Sciences
  • ,
  • Desmond Kuupiel, University of KwaZulu-Natal, St. John of God Hospital
  • ,
  • Ben Lacey, Oxford University, Oxford, UK., National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)
  • ,
  • Sheetal D. Lad, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
  • ,
  • Faris Hasan Lami, Academy of Medical Science
  • ,
  • Anders O. Larsson, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala universitet, University Hospital
  • ,
  • Paul H. Lee, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  • ,
  • Mostafa Leili, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
  • ,
  • Aubrey J. Levine, University of Washington, Seattle
  • ,
  • Shanshan Li, Monash University
  • ,
  • Lee Ling Lim, University of Malaya, Chinese University Hong Kong
  • ,
  • Stefan Listl, Radboud University Nijmegen, Heidelberg University 
  • ,
  • Joshua Longbottom, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
  • ,
  • Jaifred Christian F. Lopez, University of the Philippines, Alliance for Improving Health Outcomes
  • ,
  • Stefan Lorkowski, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Competence Cluster for Nutrition and Cardiovascular Health (nutriCARD)
  • ,
  • Sameh Magdeldin, Suez Canal University
  • ,
  • Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Damietta University
  • ,
  • Muhammed Magdy Abd El Razek, Aswan Faculty of Medicine
  • ,
  • Azeem Majeed, Imperial College London, London, UK.
  • ,
  • Afshin Maleki, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Reza Malekzadeh, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Deborah Carvalho Malta, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • ,
  • Abdullah A. Mamun, University of Queensland
  • ,
  • Navid Manafi, Iran University of Medical Sciences, University of Manitoba
  • ,
  • Ana Laura Manda, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy
  • ,
  • Morteza Mansourian, Iran University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Francisco Rogerlândio Martins-Melo, Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Ceará
  • ,
  • Anthony Masaka, Botho University
  • ,
  • Benjamin Ballard Massenburg, University of Washington, Seattle
  • ,
  • Pallab K. Maulik, University of New South Wales (UNSW) Australia, George Institute for Global Health
  • ,
  • Benjamin K. Mayala, University of Washington, Seattle
  • ,
  • Mohsen Mazidi, Chalmers University of Technology
  • ,
  • Martin McKee, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
  • ,
  • Ravi Mehrotra, National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research
  • ,
  • Kala M. Mehta, University of California, San Francisco
  • ,
  • Gebrekiros Gebremichael Meles, Arba Minch University
  • ,
  • Walter Mendoza, United Nations
  • ,
  • Ritesh G. Menezes, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University
  • ,
  • Atte Meretoja, Helsinki University Central Hospital, University of Melbourne
  • ,
  • Tuomo J. Meretoja, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsingin yliopisto
  • ,
  • Tomislav Mestrovic, Clinical Microbiology and Parasitology Unit, University Centre Varazdin
  • ,
  • Ted R. Miller, Curtin University of Technology, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation
  • ,
  • Molly K. Miller-Petrie, University of Washington, Seattle
  • ,
  • Edward J. Mills, McMaster University
  • ,
  • George J. Milne, University of Western Australia
  • ,
  • G. K. Mini, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham
  • ,
  • Seyed Mostafa Mir, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Golestan University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Hamed Mirjalali, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Erkin M. Mirrakhimov, Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, National Center of Cardiology and Internal Disease
  • ,
  • Efat Mohamadi, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Dara K. Mohammad, Karolinska Institutet, Salahaddin University-Erbil
  • ,
  • Aso Mohammad Darwesh, University of Human Development
  • ,
  • Naser Mohammad Gholi Mezerji, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
  • ,
  • Ammas Siraj Mohammed, Haramaya University
  • ,
  • Shafiu Mohammed, Universität Heidelberg, Ahmadu Bello University
  • ,
  • Ali H. Mokdad, University of Washington, Seattle, University of Washington
  • ,
  • Mariam Molokhia, King's College London
  • ,
  • Lorenzo Monasta, IRCCS Ospedale Infantile Burlo Garofolo - Trieste
  • ,
  • Yoshan Moodley, University of KwaZulu-Natal
  • ,
  • Mahmood Moosazadeh, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Ghobad Moradi, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Masoud Moradi, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Yousef Moradi, Iran University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Iran University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Mehdi Moradinazar, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences
  • ,
  • Paula Moraga, Bath University
  • ,
  • Lidia Morawska, Queensland University of Technology
  • ,
  • Abbas Mosapour, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University
  • ,
  • Seyyed Meysam Mousavi, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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  • Simon I. Hay, University of Washington, Seattle, University of Washington

Since 2000, many countries have achieved considerable success in improving child survival, but localized progress remains unclear. To inform efforts towards United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 3.2—to end preventable child deaths by 2030—we need consistently estimated data at the subnational level regarding child mortality rates and trends. Here we quantified, for the period 2000–2017, the subnational variation in mortality rates and number of deaths of neonates, infants and children under 5 years of age within 99 low- and middle-income countries using a geostatistical survival model. We estimated that 32% of children under 5 in these countries lived in districts that had attained rates of 25 or fewer child deaths per 1,000 live births by 2017, and that 58% of child deaths between 2000 and 2017 in these countries could have been averted in the absence of geographical inequality. This study enables the identification of high-mortality clusters, patterns of progress and geographical inequalities to inform appropriate investments and implementations that will help to improve the health of all populations.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNature
Volume574
Issue7778
Pages (from-to)353-358
Number of pages6
ISSN0028-0836
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2019

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