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Maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation through music: a behavioral and neuroimaging study of males and females

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Maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation through music : a behavioral and neuroimaging study of males and females. / Carlson, Emily; Saarikallio, Suvi; Toiviainen, Petri; Bogert, Brigitte; Kliuchko, Marina; Brattico, Elvira.

In: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Vol. 9, 466, 26.08.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Carlson, E, Saarikallio, S, Toiviainen, P, Bogert, B, Kliuchko, M & Brattico, E 2015, 'Maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation through music: a behavioral and neuroimaging study of males and females', Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, vol. 9, 466. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2015.00466

APA

Carlson, E., Saarikallio, S., Toiviainen, P., Bogert, B., Kliuchko, M., & Brattico, E. (2015). Maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation through music: a behavioral and neuroimaging study of males and females. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9, [466]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2015.00466

CBE

Carlson E, Saarikallio S, Toiviainen P, Bogert B, Kliuchko M, Brattico E. 2015. Maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation through music: a behavioral and neuroimaging study of males and females. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 9:Article 466. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2015.00466

MLA

Vancouver

Carlson E, Saarikallio S, Toiviainen P, Bogert B, Kliuchko M, Brattico E. Maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation through music: a behavioral and neuroimaging study of males and females. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 2015 Aug 26;9. 466. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2015.00466

Author

Carlson, Emily ; Saarikallio, Suvi ; Toiviainen, Petri ; Bogert, Brigitte ; Kliuchko, Marina ; Brattico, Elvira. / Maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation through music : a behavioral and neuroimaging study of males and females. In: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 2015 ; Vol. 9.

Bibtex

@article{018cccb0c8d6490b84dfc56564fad031,
title = "Maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation through music: a behavioral and neuroimaging study of males and females",
abstract = "Music therapists use guided affect regulation in the treatment of mood disorders. However, self-directed uses of music in affect regulation are not fully understood. Some uses of music may have negative effects on mental health, as can non music regulation strategies, such as rumination. Psychological testing and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) were used explore music listening strategies in relation to mental health. Participants (n = 123) were assessed for depression, anxiety and Neuroticism, and uses of Music in Mood Regulation (MMR). Neural responses to music were measured in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in a subset of participants (n = 56). Discharge, using music to express negative emotions, related to increased anxiety and Neuroticism in all participants and particularly in males. Males high in Discharge showed decreased activity of mPFC during music listening compared with those using less Discharge. Females high in Diversion, using music to distract from negative emotions, showed more mPFC activity than females using less Diversion. These results suggest that the use of Discharge strategy can be associated with maladaptive patterns of emotional regulation, and may even have long-term negative effects on mental health. This finding has real-world applications in psychotherapy and particularly in clinical music therapy.",
keywords = "music, emotion regulation, fMRI, prefrontal cortex, gender differences, mental health, PLACEBO-CONTROLLED TRIAL, HEAVY-METAL MUSIC, GENDER-DIFFERENCES, DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, PSYCHIATRIC-PATIENTS, INTERFERON-ALPHA, MOOD REGULATION, SELF-REGULATION, DOUBLE-BLIND",
author = "Emily Carlson and Suvi Saarikallio and Petri Toiviainen and Brigitte Bogert and Marina Kliuchko and Elvira Brattico",
year = "2015",
month = aug,
day = "26",
doi = "10.3389/fnhum.2015.00466",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Frontiers in Human Neuroscience",
issn = "1662-5161",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation through music

T2 - a behavioral and neuroimaging study of males and females

AU - Carlson, Emily

AU - Saarikallio, Suvi

AU - Toiviainen, Petri

AU - Bogert, Brigitte

AU - Kliuchko, Marina

AU - Brattico, Elvira

PY - 2015/8/26

Y1 - 2015/8/26

N2 - Music therapists use guided affect regulation in the treatment of mood disorders. However, self-directed uses of music in affect regulation are not fully understood. Some uses of music may have negative effects on mental health, as can non music regulation strategies, such as rumination. Psychological testing and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) were used explore music listening strategies in relation to mental health. Participants (n = 123) were assessed for depression, anxiety and Neuroticism, and uses of Music in Mood Regulation (MMR). Neural responses to music were measured in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in a subset of participants (n = 56). Discharge, using music to express negative emotions, related to increased anxiety and Neuroticism in all participants and particularly in males. Males high in Discharge showed decreased activity of mPFC during music listening compared with those using less Discharge. Females high in Diversion, using music to distract from negative emotions, showed more mPFC activity than females using less Diversion. These results suggest that the use of Discharge strategy can be associated with maladaptive patterns of emotional regulation, and may even have long-term negative effects on mental health. This finding has real-world applications in psychotherapy and particularly in clinical music therapy.

AB - Music therapists use guided affect regulation in the treatment of mood disorders. However, self-directed uses of music in affect regulation are not fully understood. Some uses of music may have negative effects on mental health, as can non music regulation strategies, such as rumination. Psychological testing and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) were used explore music listening strategies in relation to mental health. Participants (n = 123) were assessed for depression, anxiety and Neuroticism, and uses of Music in Mood Regulation (MMR). Neural responses to music were measured in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in a subset of participants (n = 56). Discharge, using music to express negative emotions, related to increased anxiety and Neuroticism in all participants and particularly in males. Males high in Discharge showed decreased activity of mPFC during music listening compared with those using less Discharge. Females high in Diversion, using music to distract from negative emotions, showed more mPFC activity than females using less Diversion. These results suggest that the use of Discharge strategy can be associated with maladaptive patterns of emotional regulation, and may even have long-term negative effects on mental health. This finding has real-world applications in psychotherapy and particularly in clinical music therapy.

KW - music

KW - emotion regulation

KW - fMRI

KW - prefrontal cortex

KW - gender differences

KW - mental health

KW - PLACEBO-CONTROLLED TRIAL

KW - HEAVY-METAL MUSIC

KW - GENDER-DIFFERENCES

KW - DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS

KW - INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES

KW - PSYCHIATRIC-PATIENTS

KW - INTERFERON-ALPHA

KW - MOOD REGULATION

KW - SELF-REGULATION

KW - DOUBLE-BLIND

U2 - 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00466

DO - 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00466

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26379529

VL - 9

JO - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

JF - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

SN - 1662-5161

M1 - 466

ER -