Making better decisions in groups

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperReviewResearchpeer-review

Documents

DOI

We review the literature to identify common problems of decision-making in individuals and groups. We are guided by a Bayesian framework to explain the interplay between past experience and new evidence, and the problem of exploring the space of hypotheses about all the possible states that the world could be in and all the possible actions that one could take. There are strong biases, hidden from awareness, that enter into these psychological processes. While biases increase the efficiency of information processing, they often do not lead to the most appropriate action. We highlight the advantages of group decision-making in overcoming biases and searching the hypothesis space for good models of the world and good solutions to problems. Diversity of group members can facilitate these achievements, but diverse groups also face their own problems. We discuss means of managing these pitfalls and make some recommendations on how to make better group decisions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number170193
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Volume4
Issue8
Number of pages22
ISSN2054-5703
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017

    Research areas

  • decision-making, social, bias, confidence, diversity, Bayesian, PREFRONTAL CORTEX, TRANSACTIVE MEMORY, GROUP POLARIZATION, WORK GROUPS, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, PROBABILITY JUDGMENTS, UNSHARED INFORMATION, INTERACTING MINDS, GROUP-PERFORMANCE, MOTIVATION GAINS

See relations at Aarhus University Citationformats

Download statistics

No data available

ID: 121357937