Magic Angle Spinning Effects on Longitudinal NMR Relaxation: 15N in L-Histidine
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Solid-state magnetic resonance is a unique technique that can reveal the dynamics of complex biological systems with atomic resolution. Longitudinal relaxation is a mechanism that returns longitudinal nuclear magnetization to its thermal equilibrium by incoherent processes. The measured longitudinal relaxation rate constant however represents the combination of both incoherent and coherent contributions to the change of nuclear magnetization. This work demonstrates the effect of magic angle spinning rate on the longitudinal relaxation rate constant in two model compounds: L-histidine hydrochloride monohydrate and glycine serving as proxies for isotopically-enriched biological materials. Most notably, it is demonstrated that the longitudinal 15N relaxation of the two nitrogen nuclei in the imidazole ring in histidine is reduced by almost three orders of magnitude at the condition of rotational resonance with the amine, while the amine relaxation rate constant is increased at these conditions. The observed phenomenon may have radical implications for the solid-state magnetic resonance in biophysics and materials, especially in the proper measurement of dynamics and as a selective serial transfer step in dynamic nuclear polarization.