Low-rank approximation of Hankel matrices in denoising applications for statistical damage diagnosis of wind turbine blades

Szymon Gres*, Konstantinos Tatsis, Vasilis Dertimanis, Eleni Chatzi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Model order selection is a fundamental task in subspace identification for estimation of modal parameters, uncertainty propagation and damage diagnosis. However, the true model order and the related low-rank structure of the dynamic system are generally unknown. In this paper, a statistical methodology to actively select the dynamic signal subspace in covariance-driven subspace identification is developed on the basis of statistical analysis of the eigenvalue condition numbers of the output covariance Hankel matrix. It is shown that the condition numbers highly sensitive to random perturbations characterize the noise subspace. The signal subspace is separated from the noise subspace by analyzing two statistical parameters associated with the condition number sensitivity, whose thresholds are user-defined. A practical algorithm to retrieve the system dynamics is designed and demonstrated on a running example of a simulated wind turbine blade benchmark. The resultant framework is then applied in the context of damage detection on a medium-size wind turbine blade. It is demonstrated that the detectability of small damage is enhanced compared to the classic approaches and robustness of damage diagnosis is increased by reducing the number of false alarms.
Original languageEnglish
Article number110391
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Volume197
Issue110391
ISSN0888-3270
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Damage detection
  • Model order estimation
  • Operational modal analysis
  • Subspace methods
  • Wind turbine blades

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