Low doses of nanodiamonds and silica nanoparticles have beneficial hormetic effects in normal human skin fibroblasts in culture

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  • Jennifer Mytych, Department of Genetics, University of Rzeszow, Poland
  • Maciej Wnuk, Department of Genetics, University of Rzeszow, Poland
  • Suresh Rattan
Nanodiamonds (ND) and silica nanoparticles (SiO2-NP) have been much investigated for their toxicity at high doses, little is known about their biological activity at low concentrations. Here we report the biphasic dose response of ND and SiO2-NP in modulating normal human facial skin fibroblasts (FSF1) in culture. ND and SiO2-NP at low concentration (up to 0.5 μg/ml) had beneficial effects on FSF1 in terms of increasing their proliferation and metabolic activity. Exposure of FSF1 cells to low levels of NP enhanced their wound healing ability in
vitro and slowed down aging during serial passaging as measured by maintenance of youthful morphology, reduction in the rate of loss of telomeres, and the over all proliferative characterisitics. Furthermore, NP treatment induced the activation of Nrf2- and FOXO3A mediated cellular stress responses, including an increased expression of heme oxygenease HO-1), sirtuin (SIRT1), and DNA methyltransferase II (DNMT2). These results imply that ND and SiO2-NP at low doses are potential hormetins, which exert mild stress-induced beneficial hormetic effects through improved survival, longevity, maintenance, repair and
function of human cells
Original languageEnglish
JournalChemosphere
Volume148
Issue1
Pages (from-to)307-315
Number of pages9
ISSN0045-6535
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jan 2016

    Research areas

  • nanoparticle, stress, hormesis, ageing, anti-ageing, longevity, health

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