Low-amplitude Solar-like Oscillations in the K5 V Star ϵ Indi A

Mia S. Lundkvist*, Hans Kjeldsen, Timothy R. Bedding, Mark J. McCaughrean, R. Paul Butler, Ditte Slumstrup, Tiago L. Campante, Conny Aerts, Torben Arentoft, Hans Bruntt, Cátia V. Cardoso, Fabien Carrier, Laird M. Close, João Gomes da Silva, Thomas Kallinger, Robert R. King, Yaguang Li, Simon J. Murphy, Jakob L. Rørsted, Dennis Stello

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

We have detected solar-like oscillations in the mid-K-dwarf ϵ Indi A, making it the coolest dwarf to have measured oscillations. The star is noteworthy for harboring a pair of brown dwarf companions and a Jupiter-type planet. We observed ϵ Indi A during two radial velocity campaigns, using the high-resolution spectrographs HARPS (2011) and UVES (2021). Weighting the time series, we computed the power spectra and established the detection of solar-like oscillations with a power excess located at 5265 ± 110 μHz—the highest frequency solar-like oscillations so far measured in any star. The measurement of the center of the power excess allows us to compute a stellar mass of 0.782 ± 0.023 M based on scaling relations and a known radius from interferometry. We also determine the amplitude of the peak power and note that there is a slight difference between the two observing campaigns, indicating a varying activity level. Overall, this work confirms that low-amplitude solar-like oscillations can be detected in mid-K-type stars in radial velocity measurements obtained with high-precision spectrographs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume964
Issue2
ISSN0004-637X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2024

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