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Long-term impact of conventional and optimal contribution conservation methods on genetic diversity and genetic gain in local pig breeds

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  • Qingbo Zhao, Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • ,
  • Huiming Liu
  • Qamar Raza Qadri, Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai Peoples Hosp 1, Dept Lab Med
  • ,
  • Qishan Wang, Zhejiang Univ, Zhejiang University, Dept Phys
  • ,
  • Yuchun Pan, Zhejiang Univ, Zhejiang University, Dept Phys
  • ,
  • Guosheng Su

There are rich and vast genetic resources of indigenous pig breeds in the world. Currently, great attention is paid to either crossbreeding or conservation of these indigenous pig breeds, and insufficient attention is paid to the combination of conservation and breeding along with their long-term effects on genetic diversity. Therefore, the objective of this study is to compare the long-term effects of using conventional conservation and optimal contribution selection methods on genetic diversity and genetic gain. A total of 11 different methods including conventional conservation and optimal contribution selection methods were investigated using stochastic simulations. The long-term effects of using these methods were evaluated in terms of genetic diversity metrices such as expected heterozygosity (He) and the rate of genetic gain. The results indicated that the rates of true inbreeding in these conventional conservation methods were maintained at around 0.01. The optimal contribution selection methods based either on the pedigree (POCS) or genome (GOCS) information showed more genetic gain than conventional methods, and POCS achieved the largest genetic gain. Furthermore, the effect of using GOCS methods on most of the genetic diversity metrics was slightly better than the conventional conservation methods when the rate of true inbreeding was the same, but this also required more sires used in OCS methods. According to the rate of true inbreeding, there was no significant difference among these conventional methods. In conclusion, there is no significant difference in different ways of selecting sows on inbreeding when we use different conventional conservation methods. Compared with conventional methods, POCS method could achieve the most genetic gain. However, GOCS methods can not only achieve higher genetic gain, but also maintain a relatively high level of genetic diversity. Therefore, GOCS is a better choice if we want to combine conservation and breeding in actual production in the conservation farms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)546-553
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

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