Long-Range Interatomic Coulombic Decay in ArXe Clusters: Experiment and Theory

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DOI

  • Marko Foerstel, Tech Univ Berlin, Technical University of Berlin, Inst Opt & Atomare Phys
  • ,
  • Melanie Mucke, Uppsala Univ, Uppsala University, Dept Phys & Astron
  • ,
  • Tiberiu Arion, DESY, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Helmholtz Association, Ctr Free Electron Laser Sci
  • ,
  • Toralf Lischke, Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, Max Planck Society
  • ,
  • Elke Fasshauer
  • Uwe Hergenhahn, Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, Max Planck Society
  • ,
  • Markus Pernpointner, Heidelberg Univ, Ruprecht Karls University Heidelberg, Zentrum Astron, Landessternwarte Konigstuhl, Heidelberg Univ, Ruprecht Karls University Heidelberg, Phys Chem Inst, Theoret Chem

We report autoionization channels of Ar inner valence ionized states in mixed ArXe clusters and compare our experimental data obtained by electron-electron coincidence spectroscopy to our theoretical simulations for representative cluster structures. The combined experimental and theoretical data show that the autoionization of Ar 3s -1 in ArXe is dominated by interatomic coulombic decay (ICD) to Xe atoms in the second and higher coordination shells of the originally excited atom. Clusters with a range of sizes, compositions, and structures were probed. The Xe content in the clusters was varied between 10% and 53%. Besides ICD, also electron transfer mediated decay (ETMD(3)) was found important in many of the calculated spectra, although it is seen with less intensity in the experimental spectra. From the calculations, we identify structural motifs in which the ETMD rate is minimized vs the ICD rate and suggest that these are preferentially realized in our experiment, in which clusters are formed by supersonic expansion of an Ar-Xe mixture. Suggested cluster structures either feature a clear segregation between Ar and Xe fractions, e.g., Xe core-Ar shell systems, or contain a few Xe atoms singled out at surface sites on an Ar cluster. These structures differ significantly from the majority of calculated minimum energy structures for ArXe systems of 38 atoms, which might show that the latter, annealed structures are not realized in our experiment. We show experimentally that the relaxation of Ar inner valence states by ICD and ETMD together has an efficiency of unity, within the experimental accuracy, for all clusters probed, except those with the lowest Xe content. The outer valence photoelectron spectra of ArXe are discussed also.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume120
Issue40
Pages (from-to)22957-22971
Number of pages15
ISSN1932-7447
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016

    Research areas

  • RARE-GAS CLUSTERS, ARGON CLUSTERS, ELECTRONIC DECAY, NUCLEAR REACTIONS, UNIFIED THEORY, AQUEOUS IONS, LIQUID WATER, XE CLUSTERS, SPECTROSCOPY, KR

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