Long term follow-up of titanium implants installed in block-grafted areas: A systematic review

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BACKGROUND: An enduring clinical question concerns the outcome (ie, success) of implants placed in areas grafted with block-grafts.

OBJECTIVE: To undertake a systematic review of the literature on the long term results (≥5 years) of implants placed in maxillofacial areas grafted with any type of osseous block-grafts in two-stage surgeries. Further, the review addresses how available success criteria were used within the studies.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MEDLINE (PubMed) and EMBASE bibliographic databases were searched up to March 2017 for studies evaluating the long term results of implants placed in grafted areas. The search strategy was restricted to English language publications using combined terms which referred to the treatment method (implants placed in areas grafted with bone blocks), and follow-up characteristics (≥5 years and assessment of at least one parameter related to implant success criteria). To qualify for inclusion, studies should present outcome measurements indicating the success (or at least the survival) of the implants.

RESULTS: The search strategy yielded 17 studies, which were included in this systematic review. These studies presented survival rates ranging from 88.7% (after 15 years follow-up) to 98.7% (after 5 years follow-up). Five studies presented data based on predefined success criteria with success rates ranging from 86.8% to 100%. In these studies, the term "success" was often not properly defined.

CONCLUSION: The long term survival (≥5 years) of implants placed into block-grafted areas in two-stage surgeries was not lower than 75%, while success rates ranged from 86.8% to 100%. Although it was possible to identify published success criteria for implant follow-up, there is no broad consensus on how to report implant success in a consistent manner.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research
Pages (from-to)1036-1046
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

    Research areas

  • bone graft, follow-up, implants, systematic review

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