Long duration asymmetrical postural tremor is likely to predict development of Parkinson's disease and not essential tremor: Clinical follow up study of 13 cases

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  • K. Ray Chaudhuri, King's College and King's College Hospital, University Hospital Lewishom, King's College London
  • ,
  • M. Buxton-Thomas, King's College London, King's College and King's College Hospital
  • ,
  • V. Dhawan, King's College and King's College Hospital, University Hospital Lewishom
  • ,
  • R. Peng, King's College and King's College Hospital
  • ,
  • C. Meilak, King's College London
  • ,
  • D. J. Brooks

Background: Patients presenting with asymmetrical postural tremor with or wothout mild rest tremor may be diagnosed as having essential tremor (ET), although there is considerable diagnostic uncertainty as to the long term outcome of these patients. Objective: In this study, retrospective observations were made on 13 patients presenting originally with asymmetrical postural tremor, initially though to have ET based on tremor characteristics, alcohol responsiveness, and family history but who subsequently met the criteria of Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods: The patients were observed and followed up clinically with ancillary imaging using dopamine transporter SPECT scan or levodopa challenge tests in some cases. The diagnosis at original presentation with postural tremor was made with retrospective case note review. Results: After a variable and long latent period all patients developed additional signs suggesting a clinical diagnosis of PD although picking up an initial label of ET. Conclusions: We Suggest exercising caution regarding a diagnosis of ET in patients presenting with late onset asymmetrical postural tremor even if there is no rest tremor. Alcohol sensitivity of tremor, family history of tremor, or responsiveness to β blockers may not be helpful in diagnosing ET in these cases and some may develop PD in the longs term.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry
Pages (from-to)115-117
Number of pages3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes

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