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Laughlin topology on fractal lattices without area law entanglement

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  • Xikun Li, Anhui University, Max-Planck-Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems
  • ,
  • Mani Chandra Jha, Max-Planck-Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems
  • ,
  • Anne E.B. Nielsen

Laughlin states have recently been constructed on fractal lattices, and the charge and braiding statistics of the quasiholes were used to confirm that these states have Laughlin-type topology. Here we investigate density, correlation, and entanglement properties of the states on a fractal lattice derived from a Sierpinski triangle with the purpose of identifying similarities and differences compared to two-dimensional systems and with the purpose of investigating whether various probes of topology work for fractal lattices. Similarly to two-dimensional systems, we find that the connected particle-particle correlation function decays roughly exponentially with the distance between the lattice sites measured in the two-dimensional plane, but the values also depend on the local environment. Contrary to two-dimensional systems, we find that the entanglement entropy does not follow the area law if one defines the area to be the number of nearest-neighbor bonds that cross the edge of the selected subsystem. Considering bipartitions with two bonds crossing the edge, we find a close to logarithmic scaling of the entanglement entropy with the number of sites in the subsystem. This also means that the topological entanglement entropy cannot be extracted using the Kitaev-Preskill or the Levin-Wen methods. Studying the entanglement spectrum for different bipartitions, we find that the number of states below the entanglement gap is robust and the same as for Laughlin states on two-dimensional lattices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number085152
JournalPhysical Review B
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

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© 2022 authors. Published by the American Physical Society. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI. Open access publication funded by the Max Planck Society.

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