Kinetics and thermodynamics of hydrogenation-dehydrogenation for Mg-25%TM (TM = Ti, Nb or V) composites synthesized by reactive ball milling in hydrogen

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0.75Mg−0.25TM−H (TM = Ti, Nb or V) samples were mechano-chemically synthesized by reactive ball milling. The detailed reaction mechanism during hydrogen release and uptake was investigated by in-situ synchrotron radiation powder X-ray diffraction (SR-PXD) experiments. The thermodynamic and kinetic properties have been studied by Sievert's method. On the base of calculated values of the Gibbs free energy for reaction of hydrogen absorption (ΔG < 0) it reveals that hydrogenation reaction could thermodynamically proceed at room temperature, which is experimentally confirmed for all of the studied composites. It is clearly shown that β-MgH2 forms at RT under conditions of experiment. Comparative analysis of the Mg–Ti, Mg–V and Mg–Nb systems makes it possible to establish that the most effective additive facilitating hydrogen uptake, particularly at RT, is vanadium. It provides the degree of conversion into hydride phase α = 0.86 for the first minute of hydrogenation. In contrast, additives of Nb and Ti provide only α = 0.62 and 0.36, respectively, following the 30 min of exposure. However, this study reveals that for the dehydrogenation process, titanium is the best among the examined additives, which is evidenced by lowest value of activation energy Ea = 53.6 kJ/mol of the hydrogen desorption.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Pages (from-to)16804-16814
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 23 Aug 2018

    Research areas

  • Hydrogen storage, In situ synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction, Magnesium hydride, Reactive ball milling, Sievert's method

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