Ischemic heart failure mortality is not predicted by cardiac insulin resistance but by diabetes per se and coronary flow reserve: A retrospective dynamic cardiac 18F-FDG PET study

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Background & aims: The connection between peripheral insulin resistance (IR) and coronary artery disease is well-established. Both are major risk factors for the development of ischemic cardiomyopathy potentially leading to heart failure (HF). Whether cardiac IR also impacts overall survival and morbidity is still debated. We therefore aimed to test if cardiac IR predicts mortality and major cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with HF scheduled for cardiac viability testing before revascularization. Methods: This retrospective study included 131 patients with a clinical diagnosis of ischemic HF (114 (87%) male, 33 (25%) with diabetes) referred to a viability Rubidium-82 (perfusion) and dynamic 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (metabolism) positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography prior to a potential revascularization procedure. Cardiac IR was assessed by myocardial glucose uptake (MGU) in a remote (non-scarred) area of the left ventricle during a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp (1mIE/kg/min). Results: MGU correlated with skeletal muscle glucose uptake (p < 0.001) and whole-body glucose uptake (M-value) (p < 0.001), whereas no association was observed for individuals with diabetes. MGU did not predict the risk of death or MACE. However, both overt diabetes and reduced coronary flow reserve predicted overall survival. Conclusion: Even though diabetes and related small-vessel disease is associated with increased mortality, cardiac IR per se does not predict cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number154862
JournalMetabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Volume123
ISSN0026-0495
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Heart failure, Insulin resistance, Myocardial glucose uptake, Positron emission tomography, Prognosis

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