IoT-Enabled Campus Prosumer Microgrid Energy Management, Architecture, Storage Technologies, and Simulation Tools: A Comprehensive Study

Amad Ali, Hafiz Abdul Muqeet, Tahir Khan, Asif Hussain, Muhammad Waseem, Kamran Ali Khan Niazi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperReviewResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Energy is very important in daily life. The smart power system provides an energy management system using various techniques. Among other load types, campus microgrids are very important, and they consume large amounts of energy. Energy management systems in campus prosumer microgrids have been addressed in different works. A comprehensive study of previous works has not reviewed the architecture, tools, and energy storage systems of campus microgrids. In this paper, a survey of campus prosumer microgrids is presented considering their energy management schemes, optimization techniques, architectures, storage types, and design tools. The survey is comprised of one decade of past works for a true analysis. In the optimization techniques, deterministic and metaheuristic methods are reviewed considering their pros and cons. Smart grids are being installed in different campuses all over the world, and these are considered the best alternatives to conventional power systems. However, efficient energy management techniques and tools are required to make these grids more economical and stable.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1863
JournalEnergies
Volume16
Issue4
ISSN1996-1073
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • batteries
  • campus microgrid
  • distributed generation
  • energy management system
  • energy storage system
  • prosumer market
  • renewable energy resources
  • smart grid

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