Involuntary and voluntary recall of musical memories: A comparison of temporal accuracy and emotional responses

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Involuntary and voluntary recall of musical memories : A comparison of temporal accuracy and emotional responses. / Jakubowski, Kelly; Bashir, Zaariyah; Farrugia, Nicolas; Stewart, Lauren.

In: Memory and Cognition, Vol. 46, No. 5, 07.2018, p. 741-756.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Jakubowski, K, Bashir, Z, Farrugia, N & Stewart, L 2018, 'Involuntary and voluntary recall of musical memories: A comparison of temporal accuracy and emotional responses', Memory and Cognition, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 741-756. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-018-0792-x

APA

Jakubowski, K., Bashir, Z., Farrugia, N., & Stewart, L. (2018). Involuntary and voluntary recall of musical memories: A comparison of temporal accuracy and emotional responses. Memory and Cognition, 46(5), 741-756. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-018-0792-x

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Jakubowski, Kelly ; Bashir, Zaariyah ; Farrugia, Nicolas ; Stewart, Lauren. / Involuntary and voluntary recall of musical memories : A comparison of temporal accuracy and emotional responses. In: Memory and Cognition. 2018 ; Vol. 46, No. 5. pp. 741-756.

Bibtex

@article{3a7cbbdbc025409daf867630c5ea02e1,
title = "Involuntary and voluntary recall of musical memories: A comparison of temporal accuracy and emotional responses",
abstract = "Comparisons between involuntarily and voluntarily retrieved autobiographical memories have revealed similarities in encoding and maintenance, with differences in terms of specificity and emotional responses. Our study extended this research area into the domain of musical memory, which afforded a unique opportunity to compare the same memory as accessed both involuntarily and voluntarily. Specifically, we compared instances of involuntary musical imagery (INMI, or “earworms”)—the spontaneous mental recall and repetition of a tune—to deliberate recall of the same tune as voluntary musical imagery (VMI) in terms of recall accuracy and emotional responses. Twenty participants completed two 3-day tasks. In an INMI task, participants recorded information about INMI episodes as they occurred; in a VMI task, participants were prompted via text message to deliberately imagine each tune they had previously experienced as INMI. In both tasks, tempi of the imagined tunes were recorded by tapping to the musical beat while wearing an accelerometer and additional information (e.g., tune name, emotion ratings) was logged in a diary. Overall, INMI and VMI tempo measurements for the same tune were strongly correlated. Tempo recall for tunes that have definitive, recorded versions was relatively accurate, and tunes that were retrieved deliberately (VMI) were not recalled more accurately in terms of tempo than spontaneous and involuntary instances of imagined music (INMI). Some evidence that INMI elicited stronger emotional responses than VMI was also revealed. These results demonstrate several parallels to previous literature on involuntary memories and add new insights on the phenomenology of INMI.",
keywords = "Earworms, Involuntary memory, Musical imagery, Tempo",
author = "Kelly Jakubowski and Zaariyah Bashir and Nicolas Farrugia and Lauren Stewart",
year = "2018",
month = jul,
doi = "10.3758/s13421-018-0792-x",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "741--756",
journal = "Memory & Cognition",
issn = "0090-502X",
publisher = "Springer Link",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Involuntary and voluntary recall of musical memories

T2 - A comparison of temporal accuracy and emotional responses

AU - Jakubowski, Kelly

AU - Bashir, Zaariyah

AU - Farrugia, Nicolas

AU - Stewart, Lauren

PY - 2018/7

Y1 - 2018/7

N2 - Comparisons between involuntarily and voluntarily retrieved autobiographical memories have revealed similarities in encoding and maintenance, with differences in terms of specificity and emotional responses. Our study extended this research area into the domain of musical memory, which afforded a unique opportunity to compare the same memory as accessed both involuntarily and voluntarily. Specifically, we compared instances of involuntary musical imagery (INMI, or “earworms”)—the spontaneous mental recall and repetition of a tune—to deliberate recall of the same tune as voluntary musical imagery (VMI) in terms of recall accuracy and emotional responses. Twenty participants completed two 3-day tasks. In an INMI task, participants recorded information about INMI episodes as they occurred; in a VMI task, participants were prompted via text message to deliberately imagine each tune they had previously experienced as INMI. In both tasks, tempi of the imagined tunes were recorded by tapping to the musical beat while wearing an accelerometer and additional information (e.g., tune name, emotion ratings) was logged in a diary. Overall, INMI and VMI tempo measurements for the same tune were strongly correlated. Tempo recall for tunes that have definitive, recorded versions was relatively accurate, and tunes that were retrieved deliberately (VMI) were not recalled more accurately in terms of tempo than spontaneous and involuntary instances of imagined music (INMI). Some evidence that INMI elicited stronger emotional responses than VMI was also revealed. These results demonstrate several parallels to previous literature on involuntary memories and add new insights on the phenomenology of INMI.

AB - Comparisons between involuntarily and voluntarily retrieved autobiographical memories have revealed similarities in encoding and maintenance, with differences in terms of specificity and emotional responses. Our study extended this research area into the domain of musical memory, which afforded a unique opportunity to compare the same memory as accessed both involuntarily and voluntarily. Specifically, we compared instances of involuntary musical imagery (INMI, or “earworms”)—the spontaneous mental recall and repetition of a tune—to deliberate recall of the same tune as voluntary musical imagery (VMI) in terms of recall accuracy and emotional responses. Twenty participants completed two 3-day tasks. In an INMI task, participants recorded information about INMI episodes as they occurred; in a VMI task, participants were prompted via text message to deliberately imagine each tune they had previously experienced as INMI. In both tasks, tempi of the imagined tunes were recorded by tapping to the musical beat while wearing an accelerometer and additional information (e.g., tune name, emotion ratings) was logged in a diary. Overall, INMI and VMI tempo measurements for the same tune were strongly correlated. Tempo recall for tunes that have definitive, recorded versions was relatively accurate, and tunes that were retrieved deliberately (VMI) were not recalled more accurately in terms of tempo than spontaneous and involuntary instances of imagined music (INMI). Some evidence that INMI elicited stronger emotional responses than VMI was also revealed. These results demonstrate several parallels to previous literature on involuntary memories and add new insights on the phenomenology of INMI.

KW - Earworms

KW - Involuntary memory

KW - Musical imagery

KW - Tempo

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85041101396&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3758/s13421-018-0792-x

DO - 10.3758/s13421-018-0792-x

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29380139

AN - SCOPUS:85041101396

VL - 46

SP - 741

EP - 756

JO - Memory & Cognition

JF - Memory & Cognition

SN - 0090-502X

IS - 5

ER -