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Investigating the effects of perinatal status and gender on adults' responses to infant and adult facial emotion

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Investigating the effects of perinatal status and gender on adults' responses to infant and adult facial emotion. / Parsons, Christine E; Nummenmaa, Lauri; Sinerva, Eija; Korja, Riika; Kajanoja, Jani; Young, Katherine S; Karlsson, Hasse; Karlsson, Linnea.

In: Emotion, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2021, p. 337-349.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Parsons, CE, Nummenmaa, L, Sinerva, E, Korja, R, Kajanoja, J, Young, KS, Karlsson, H & Karlsson, L 2021, 'Investigating the effects of perinatal status and gender on adults' responses to infant and adult facial emotion', Emotion, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 337-349. https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000698

APA

Parsons, C. E., Nummenmaa, L., Sinerva, E., Korja, R., Kajanoja, J., Young, K. S., Karlsson, H., & Karlsson, L. (2021). Investigating the effects of perinatal status and gender on adults' responses to infant and adult facial emotion. Emotion, 21(2), 337-349. https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000698

CBE

Parsons CE, Nummenmaa L, Sinerva E, Korja R, Kajanoja J, Young KS, Karlsson H, Karlsson L. 2021. Investigating the effects of perinatal status and gender on adults' responses to infant and adult facial emotion. Emotion. 21(2):337-349. https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000698

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Parsons, Christine E ; Nummenmaa, Lauri ; Sinerva, Eija ; Korja, Riika ; Kajanoja, Jani ; Young, Katherine S ; Karlsson, Hasse ; Karlsson, Linnea. / Investigating the effects of perinatal status and gender on adults' responses to infant and adult facial emotion. In: Emotion. 2021 ; Vol. 21, No. 2. pp. 337-349.

Bibtex

@article{114f13b61edc4a518513277312d5ef53,
title = "Investigating the effects of perinatal status and gender on adults' responses to infant and adult facial emotion",
abstract = "The perception of emotion in infant faces is a key parental skill, thought to be impacted by caregiving experience. It is widely assumed that women, and in particular mothers in the postnatal period, are more attuned to infant facial expressions than men. However, empirical evidence for this is lacking, and it is not yet clear whether potential differences in emotion processing between adults during pregnancy and postnatally are specific to infant expressions or extend to faces of all ages. In this cross-sectional study using a subsample from a Finnish birth cohort (N = 610), we examine adult and infant facial expression perception in pre- and postnatal men and women. Women rated the happy infant faces more positively on the valence (pleasure) dimension than men, but men rated the faces higher on the arousal (excited) dimension. There were no significant differences between adults responding during pregnancy or postnatally, but first-time mothers rated the faces as higher in arousal overall than multiparous mothers. The ability to identify specific emotions (e.g., sadness) in adult faces correlated with judgments of emotion in similarly valenced infant faces. We conclude that adults differ in their sensitivity to positive or negative emotions, independent of whether they are expressed in infant or adult faces. We did not find that perinatal status (pre- or postnatal) was associated with differences in sensitivity to emotion in infant or adult faces. Men and women were differentially sensitive to the valence and arousal in infant faces, independent of the timing of their responses. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).",
keywords = "Face processing, Gender differences, Infant faces, Parental status, Parenting",
author = "Parsons, {Christine E} and Lauri Nummenmaa and Eija Sinerva and Riika Korja and Jani Kajanoja and Young, {Katherine S} and Hasse Karlsson and Linnea Karlsson",
year = "2021",
doi = "10.1037/emo0000698",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "337--349",
journal = "Emotion",
issn = "1528-3542",
publisher = "American Psychological Association",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigating the effects of perinatal status and gender on adults' responses to infant and adult facial emotion

AU - Parsons, Christine E

AU - Nummenmaa, Lauri

AU - Sinerva, Eija

AU - Korja, Riika

AU - Kajanoja, Jani

AU - Young, Katherine S

AU - Karlsson, Hasse

AU - Karlsson, Linnea

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - The perception of emotion in infant faces is a key parental skill, thought to be impacted by caregiving experience. It is widely assumed that women, and in particular mothers in the postnatal period, are more attuned to infant facial expressions than men. However, empirical evidence for this is lacking, and it is not yet clear whether potential differences in emotion processing between adults during pregnancy and postnatally are specific to infant expressions or extend to faces of all ages. In this cross-sectional study using a subsample from a Finnish birth cohort (N = 610), we examine adult and infant facial expression perception in pre- and postnatal men and women. Women rated the happy infant faces more positively on the valence (pleasure) dimension than men, but men rated the faces higher on the arousal (excited) dimension. There were no significant differences between adults responding during pregnancy or postnatally, but first-time mothers rated the faces as higher in arousal overall than multiparous mothers. The ability to identify specific emotions (e.g., sadness) in adult faces correlated with judgments of emotion in similarly valenced infant faces. We conclude that adults differ in their sensitivity to positive or negative emotions, independent of whether they are expressed in infant or adult faces. We did not find that perinatal status (pre- or postnatal) was associated with differences in sensitivity to emotion in infant or adult faces. Men and women were differentially sensitive to the valence and arousal in infant faces, independent of the timing of their responses. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

AB - The perception of emotion in infant faces is a key parental skill, thought to be impacted by caregiving experience. It is widely assumed that women, and in particular mothers in the postnatal period, are more attuned to infant facial expressions than men. However, empirical evidence for this is lacking, and it is not yet clear whether potential differences in emotion processing between adults during pregnancy and postnatally are specific to infant expressions or extend to faces of all ages. In this cross-sectional study using a subsample from a Finnish birth cohort (N = 610), we examine adult and infant facial expression perception in pre- and postnatal men and women. Women rated the happy infant faces more positively on the valence (pleasure) dimension than men, but men rated the faces higher on the arousal (excited) dimension. There were no significant differences between adults responding during pregnancy or postnatally, but first-time mothers rated the faces as higher in arousal overall than multiparous mothers. The ability to identify specific emotions (e.g., sadness) in adult faces correlated with judgments of emotion in similarly valenced infant faces. We conclude that adults differ in their sensitivity to positive or negative emotions, independent of whether they are expressed in infant or adult faces. We did not find that perinatal status (pre- or postnatal) was associated with differences in sensitivity to emotion in infant or adult faces. Men and women were differentially sensitive to the valence and arousal in infant faces, independent of the timing of their responses. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

KW - Face processing

KW - Gender differences

KW - Infant faces

KW - Parental status

KW - Parenting

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85075782798&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/emo0000698

DO - 10.1037/emo0000698

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31750704

VL - 21

SP - 337

EP - 349

JO - Emotion

JF - Emotion

SN - 1528-3542

IS - 2

ER -