Investigating Combined Drought- and Heat Stress Effects in Wheat under Controlled Conditions by Dynamic Image-Based Phenotyping

Lamis Abdelhakim*, Eva Rosenkvist, Bernd Wollenweber, Ioannis Spyroglou, Carl-Otto Ottosen, Klára Panzarová

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

As drought and heat stress are major challenges for crop productivity under future climate changes, tolerant cultivars are highly in demand. This study investigated the potential of existing Nordic wheat genotypes to resist unfavorable conditions. Four genotypes were selected based on their heat sensitivity (heat-sensitive: LM19, SF1; heat-tolerant: LM62, NS3). At the tillering stage, the plants were subjected to four treatments under controlled conditions: control, drought, heat and combined drought and heat stress. The morpho-physiological performance was quantified during the early and late phase of stress, as well as the recovery phase. We applied an integrative image-based phenotyping approach monitoring plant growth dynamics by structural Red Green Blue (RGB) imaging, photosynthetic performance by chlorophyll fluorescence imaging and transpiration efficiency by thermal infrared imaging. The results demonstrated that the selected genotypes were moderately affected in their photosynthetic efficiency and growth under drought stress, whereas heat and combined stress caused rapid reductions in photosynthesis and growth. Furthermore, drought stress had a major impact on canopy temperature. The NS3 genotype was the most robust genotype, as indicated by its improved response under all stress treatments due to its relatively small biomass. However, the genotypes showed different tolerance to individual and combined stress
Original languageEnglish
Article number364
JournalAgronomy
Volume11
Issue2
Number of pages22
ISSN2073-4395
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • climate change
  • drought
  • heat stress
  • image-based phenotyping
  • RGB imaging
  • chlorophyll fluorescence imaging
  • thermal infrared imaging

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