Intravitreal fluocinolone acetonide 0.19 mg (Iluvien®) for the treatment of uveitic macular edema: 2-year follow-up of 20 patients

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Purpose: To evaluate intravitreal 0.19 mg fluocinolone acetonide implant (FAi) (Iluvien®) for the treatment of chronic non-infectious uveitis with associated cystoid macular edema (CME). Methods: A retrospective review of medical reports from a single Danish tertiary centre including 20 patients (20 eyes), treated with 0.19 mg FAi for non-infectious uveitic CME. The primary endpoints were change in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central retinal thickness (CRT). The secondary endpoints were recurrence rate, change in systemic treatment, and intraocular pressure (IOP). Results: Mean follow-up of the 20 eyes was 2.3 ± 1.1 years. BCVA improved at 6 (p = 0.13), 12 (p = 0.05), 18 (p = 0.03), and 24 months and CRT decreased at 6 (p = 0.004), 12 (p = 0.006), 18, and 24 months after 0.19 mg FAi. Within 18 months after implantation, four of 14 patients (28.6%) relapsed. Three of five patients discontinued systemic corticosteroids within 4 months and one patient continued with reduced dose. Five of 10 patients receiving disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) at time of implantation discontinued within 1 year. No patients started new systemic treatment. Eight eyes were treated with topical IOP-lowering medication at the time of implantation, of these two later underwent trabeculectomy. There were no complications associated with previous glaucoma surgery. Conclusion: This long-term follow-up study showed that intravitreal treatment with 0.19 mg FAi should be considered in the treatment of chronic non-infectious uveitic CME in selected patients. This treatment is safe even in selected glaucoma patients and may offer reduction or cessation of local or systemic anti-inflammatory treatment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume260
Issue5
Pages (from-to)1633-1639
Number of pages7
ISSN0721-832X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

    Research areas

  • Cystoid macular edema, Fluocinolone acetonide, Iluvien®, Intravitreal treatment, Non-infectious uveitis

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