Interaction-induced transition in quantum many-body detection probability

Archak Purkayastha, Alberto Imparato

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With the advent of digital and analog quantum simulation experiments, it is now possible to experimentally simulate the dynamics of quantum many-body lattice systems and make site-resolved measurements. These experiments make it pertinent to consider the probability of getting any specific measurement outcome, which we call the signal, on placing multiple detectors at various sites while simulating the dynamics of a quantum many-body lattice system. In this work we formulate and investigate this problem, introducing the concept of quantum many-body detection probability (QMBDP), which refers to the probability of detecting a chosen signal at least once in a given time. We show that, on tuning some Hamiltonian parameters, there can be sharp transition from a regime where the QMBDP is approximately equal to one to a regime where the QMBDP is approximately equal to zero. Most notably, the effects of such a transition can be observed at a single trajectory level. This is not a measurement-induced transition, but rather a nonequilibrium transition reflecting opening of a specific type of gap in the many-body spectrum. We demonstrate this in a single-impurity nonintegrable model, where changing the many-body interaction strength brings about such a transition. Our findings suggest that instead of measuring expectation values, single-shot stroboscopic measurements could be used to observe nonequilibrium transitions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL020202
JournalPhysical Review A
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024


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