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Interaction between non-native predatory fishes and native galaxiids (Pisces Galaxiidae) shapes food web structure in Tasmanian lakes

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  • Nicolás Vidal, Sino-Danish Center, Universidad de la Republica
  • ,
  • Carolina Trochine, Universidad Nacional del Comahue
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  • Susanne L. Amsinck
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  • Leon A. Barmuta, University of Tasmania
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  • Kirsten S. Christoffersen, University of Copenhagen
  • ,
  • Marc Ventura, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
  • ,
  • Teresa Buchaca, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
  • ,
  • Frank Landkildehus
  • Scott A. Hardie, University of Tasmania
  • ,
  • Mariana Meerhoff, Universidad de la Republica
  • ,
  • Erik Jeppesen

Non-native fish invasions threaten native fauna and ecosystem functioning, not least in isolated island lakes. In Tasmania, where the native fish are mostly galaxiids, 9 non-native freshwater fish species have been introduced over the past 150 years, with uncertain ecological outcomes. We evaluated the effects of non-native predatory fishes (NNPF) and various environmental and biological variables on the trophic niche of native fish (galaxiids) and potential cascading effects. We analysed Layman’s food web metrics based on both stable isotope (δ15N and δ13C) values and fish stomach contents in 14 shallow Tasmanian lakes along a NNPF abundance gradient. The food web metrics calculated were (1) range of δ13C (CR) and δ15N (NR) centroid distance (CD) and (2) standard ellipse area. Our results showed that NNPF relative abundance in the fish catch per unit effort was negatively related to the galaxiids’ trophic niche metrics (e.g., CRG, NRG, and CDG), trophic position, and the pelagic contribution to the diet. Moreover, the proportion of galaxiids in the diet of NNPF was higher in turbid lakes. The zooplankton standard ellipse area was negatively correlated with the pelagic contribution to the NNPF diet, and NNPF relative abundance was positively correlated with the maximum body size of calanoid copepods. While our results suggest a negative effect of NNPF on the trophic niche of galaxiids, the cascading effect on phytoplankton biomass was weak. Non-native predatory fish affect native fish prey, and the outcome of these interactions should be considered for conservation purposes, particularly for island lakes, such as those in Tasmania.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInland Waters
Pages (from-to)212-226
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • food webs, non-native predatory fish, threatened native galaxiids

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