Insight into Stagnating Life Expectancy: Analysing Cause of Death Patterns across Socio-economic Groups

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  • Malene Kallestrup-Lamb
  • Søren Kjærgaard, Interdisciplinary Centre on Population Dynamics, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
  • Carsten Paysen T. Rosenskjold
This article analyzes the complexity of female longevity improvements. As socio-economic status is found to influence health and mortality, we partition all individuals, at each age in every year, into five socio-economic groups based on an affluence measure that combine an individual’s income and wealth. We identify the particular socio-economic groups that have been driving the standstill for Danish females. Within each socio-economic group, we further analyze the cause of death patterns. The decline in life expectancy for Danish females is present for four out of five subgroups, however with particular large decreases for the low-middle and middle affluence groups. Cancers, smoking related causes, and other diseases particularly contribute to the stagnation. Moreover, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are found to be important for capturing the following catch-up in longevity.
Original languageEnglish
Place of publicationAarhus
PublisherInstitut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet
Number of pages25
Publication statusPublished - 18 Nov 2019
SeriesCREATES Research Papers
Number2019-20

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