Influence of the reaction conditions on the enzyme catalyzed transesterification of castor oil: A possible step in biodiesel production

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© 2017 Elsevier Ltd The identification of the influence of the reaction parameters is of paramount importance when defining a process design. In this work, non-edible castor oil was reacted with methanol to produce a possible component for biodiesel blends, using liquid enzymes as the catalyst. Temperature, alcohol-to-oil molar ratio, enzyme and added water contents were the reaction parameters evaluated in the transesterification reactions. The optimal conditions, giving the optimal final FAME yield and FFA content in the methyl ester-phase was identified. At 35 °C, 6.0 methanol-to-oil molar ratio, 5 wt% of enzyme and 5 wt% of water contents, 94% of FAME yield and 6.1% of FFA in the final composition were obtained. The investigation was completed with the analysis of the component profiles, showing that at least 8 h are necessary to reach a satisfactory FAME yield together with a minor FFA content.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume243
Pages (from-to)366-374
Number of pages9
ISSN0960-8524
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

    Research areas

  • Biodiesel, Castor oil, Liquid enzymes, Optimal reaction conditions, Transesterification

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