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Increasing obesity is associated with lower postoperative bleeding in coronary bypass patients

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  • Rajesh Bhavsar
  • ,
  • Mariann Tang
  • Jacob Greisen
  • ,
  • Carl Johan Jakobsen

Objective: Despite inherent comorbidities, obese cardiac surgical patients paradoxically had shown lower morbidity and mortality, although the nature of this association is still unclear. Thus, the authors intended in this large registry-based study to investigate the impact of obesity on short- and long-term postoperative outcomes, focusing on bleeding and transfusion requirements. Design: Retrospective registry study. Setting: Three university hospitals. Participants: A cohort of 12,330 prospectively compiled data from coronary bypass grafting patients undergoing surgery between 2007 to 2020 were retrieved from the Western Denmark Heart Registry. Interventions: The parameters were analyzed to assess the association between body mass index (BMI) and the selected outcome parameters. Measurements and Main Results: The crude data showed a clear statistically significant association in postoperative drainage from 637 (418-1108) mL in underweight patients with BMI <18.5 kg/m2 to 427 (295-620) mL in severely obese patients with BMI ≥40 kg/m2 (p < 0.0001, Kruskal-Wallis). Further, 50.0% of patients with BMI <18.5 received an average of 451 mL/m2 in red blood cell transfusions, compared to 16.7% of patients with BMI >40 receiving 84 mL/m2. The obese groups were less often submitted to reexploration due to bleeding, and fewer received perioperative hemostatics, inotropes, and vasoconstrictors. The crude data showed increasing 30-day and 6-month mortality with lower BMI, whereas the one-year mortality showed a V-shaped pattern, but BMI had no independent impact on mortality in logistic regression analysis. Conclusion: Patients with high BMI may carry protection against postoperative bleeding after cardiac surgery, probably secondary to an inherent hypercoagulable state, whereas underweight patients carry a higher risk of bleeding and worse outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Pages (from-to)1129-1137
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Inc.

    Research areas

  • Bleeding, Body mass index, Risk, Transfusion

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