Increased use of diagnostic CT imaging increases the detection of stage IA lung cancer: pathways and patient characteristics

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Increased use of diagnostic CT imaging increases the detection of stage IA lung cancer : pathways and patient characteristics. / Hyldgaard, Charlotte; Trolle, Christian; Harders, Stefan Markus Walbom et al.

In: BMC Cancer, Vol. 22, No. 1, 464, 04.2022.

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@article{3a774fb78df2487d88f00e5fb46ff4cb,
title = "Increased use of diagnostic CT imaging increases the detection of stage IA lung cancer: pathways and patient characteristics",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: At Silkeborg Regional Hospital, Denmark, the number of stage IA lung cancer increased after implementation of increased use of CT investigations and a corresponding reduction in chest X-ray. The aim of the present study was to understand the changes in referral pathways, patient characteristics and imaging procedures behind the observed increase in early-stage lung cancer.METHODS: The referral and imaging pathways for all patients diagnosed with lung cancer in 2013-2018 were described based on manually curated information from the electronic health care systems and staging information from the Danish Lung Cancer Registry. We compared the clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed in 2013-2015 and in 2016-2018 after implementation of a change in the use of low dose CT scan (LDCT). For patients diagnosed in 2016-2018, stage IA lung cancer were compared to higher stages using univariable logistic regression analysis.RESULTS: Five hundred and forty-seven patients were diagnosed with lung cancer in 2013-2018. Stage IA constituted 13.8% (34/247) in 2013-2015, and 28.3% (85/300) in 2016-2018. Stage IA patients in 2016-2018 were characterised by more comorbidity, fewer packyears and tended to be older than patients with higher stages. In 2016-2018, the largest proportion of stage IA patients (55%) came from within-hospital referrals. The majority of these lung cancers were detected due to imaging procedures with other indications than suspicion of lung cancer. The proportion of stage IA increased from 12% (12/99) to 36% (47/129) (p < 0.001) for hospital referrals and from 17% (22/129) to 23% (38/165) for GP referrals (p = 0.21). The imaging procedures contributing to the increase in stage IA was contrast enhanced CT (22%¸11/51), LDCT (35%; 18/51) and X-ray followed by LDCT (25%; 13/51).CONCLUSION: The increased access to LDCT for patients referred from general practice and the increased hospital requested CT activity resulted in an increase in the number of stage IA lung cancers. Incidental findings on imaging performed for diagnostic purposes unrelated to suspicion of lung cancer contributed a large proportion of the increase.",
keywords = "General Practice, Humans, Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging, Referral and Consultation, Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods",
author = "Charlotte Hyldgaard and Christian Trolle and Harders, {Stefan Markus Walbom} and Henriette Engberg and Rasmussen, {Torben Riis} and Henrik M{\o}ller",
year = "2022",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1186/s12885-022-09585-2",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
journal = "B M C Cancer",
issn = "1471-2407",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Increased use of diagnostic CT imaging increases the detection of stage IA lung cancer

T2 - pathways and patient characteristics

AU - Hyldgaard, Charlotte

AU - Trolle, Christian

AU - Harders, Stefan Markus Walbom

AU - Engberg, Henriette

AU - Rasmussen, Torben Riis

AU - Møller, Henrik

PY - 2022/4

Y1 - 2022/4

N2 - BACKGROUND: At Silkeborg Regional Hospital, Denmark, the number of stage IA lung cancer increased after implementation of increased use of CT investigations and a corresponding reduction in chest X-ray. The aim of the present study was to understand the changes in referral pathways, patient characteristics and imaging procedures behind the observed increase in early-stage lung cancer.METHODS: The referral and imaging pathways for all patients diagnosed with lung cancer in 2013-2018 were described based on manually curated information from the electronic health care systems and staging information from the Danish Lung Cancer Registry. We compared the clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed in 2013-2015 and in 2016-2018 after implementation of a change in the use of low dose CT scan (LDCT). For patients diagnosed in 2016-2018, stage IA lung cancer were compared to higher stages using univariable logistic regression analysis.RESULTS: Five hundred and forty-seven patients were diagnosed with lung cancer in 2013-2018. Stage IA constituted 13.8% (34/247) in 2013-2015, and 28.3% (85/300) in 2016-2018. Stage IA patients in 2016-2018 were characterised by more comorbidity, fewer packyears and tended to be older than patients with higher stages. In 2016-2018, the largest proportion of stage IA patients (55%) came from within-hospital referrals. The majority of these lung cancers were detected due to imaging procedures with other indications than suspicion of lung cancer. The proportion of stage IA increased from 12% (12/99) to 36% (47/129) (p < 0.001) for hospital referrals and from 17% (22/129) to 23% (38/165) for GP referrals (p = 0.21). The imaging procedures contributing to the increase in stage IA was contrast enhanced CT (22%¸11/51), LDCT (35%; 18/51) and X-ray followed by LDCT (25%; 13/51).CONCLUSION: The increased access to LDCT for patients referred from general practice and the increased hospital requested CT activity resulted in an increase in the number of stage IA lung cancers. Incidental findings on imaging performed for diagnostic purposes unrelated to suspicion of lung cancer contributed a large proportion of the increase.

AB - BACKGROUND: At Silkeborg Regional Hospital, Denmark, the number of stage IA lung cancer increased after implementation of increased use of CT investigations and a corresponding reduction in chest X-ray. The aim of the present study was to understand the changes in referral pathways, patient characteristics and imaging procedures behind the observed increase in early-stage lung cancer.METHODS: The referral and imaging pathways for all patients diagnosed with lung cancer in 2013-2018 were described based on manually curated information from the electronic health care systems and staging information from the Danish Lung Cancer Registry. We compared the clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed in 2013-2015 and in 2016-2018 after implementation of a change in the use of low dose CT scan (LDCT). For patients diagnosed in 2016-2018, stage IA lung cancer were compared to higher stages using univariable logistic regression analysis.RESULTS: Five hundred and forty-seven patients were diagnosed with lung cancer in 2013-2018. Stage IA constituted 13.8% (34/247) in 2013-2015, and 28.3% (85/300) in 2016-2018. Stage IA patients in 2016-2018 were characterised by more comorbidity, fewer packyears and tended to be older than patients with higher stages. In 2016-2018, the largest proportion of stage IA patients (55%) came from within-hospital referrals. The majority of these lung cancers were detected due to imaging procedures with other indications than suspicion of lung cancer. The proportion of stage IA increased from 12% (12/99) to 36% (47/129) (p < 0.001) for hospital referrals and from 17% (22/129) to 23% (38/165) for GP referrals (p = 0.21). The imaging procedures contributing to the increase in stage IA was contrast enhanced CT (22%¸11/51), LDCT (35%; 18/51) and X-ray followed by LDCT (25%; 13/51).CONCLUSION: The increased access to LDCT for patients referred from general practice and the increased hospital requested CT activity resulted in an increase in the number of stage IA lung cancers. Incidental findings on imaging performed for diagnostic purposes unrelated to suspicion of lung cancer contributed a large proportion of the increase.

KW - General Practice

KW - Humans

KW - Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging

KW - Referral and Consultation

KW - Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods

U2 - 10.1186/s12885-022-09585-2

DO - 10.1186/s12885-022-09585-2

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 35477356

VL - 22

JO - B M C Cancer

JF - B M C Cancer

SN - 1471-2407

IS - 1

M1 - 464

ER -