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Incorporation of β-Silicon-β3-Amino Acids in the Antimicrobial Peptide Alamethicin Provides a 20-Fold Increase in Membrane Permeabilization

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Incorporation of silicon-containing amino acids in peptides is known to endow the peptide with desirable properties such as improved proteolytic stability and increased lipophilicity. In the presented study, we demonstrate that incorporation of β-silicon-β3-amino acids into the antimicrobial peptide alamethicin provides the peptide with improved membrane permeabilizing properties. A robust synthetic procedure for the construction of β-silicon-β3-amino acids was developed and the amino acid analogues were incorporated into alamethicin at different positions of the hydrophobic face of the amphipathic helix by using SPPS. The incorporation was shown to provide up to 20-fold increase in calcein release as compared with wild-type alamethicin.

Original languageEnglish
JournalChemistry: A European Journal
Pages (from-to)8358-8367
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2016

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