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Incidence of Running-Related Injuries Per 1000 h of running in Different Types of Runners: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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  • Solvej Videbæk
  • Andreas Moeballe Bueno, Institut for Folkesundhed - Idræt, Denmark
  • R.O. Nielsen
  • Sten Rasmussen, Aalborg University, Denmark

BACKGROUND: No systematic review has identified the incidence of running-related injuries per 1000 h of running in different types of runners.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present review was to systematically search the literature for the incidence of running-related injuries per 1000 h of running in different types of runners, and to include the data in meta-analyses.

DATA SOURCES: A search of the PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, PEDro and Web of Science databases was conducted.

STUDY SELECTION: Titles, abstracts, and full-text articles were screened by two blinded reviewers to identify prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials reporting the incidence of running-related injuries in novice runners, recreational runners, ultra-marathon runners, and track and field athletes.

STUDY APPRAISAL AND SYNTHESIS METHODS: Data were extracted from all studies and comprised for further analysis. An adapted scale was applied to assess the risk of bias.

RESULTS: After screening 815 abstracts, 13 original articles were included in the main analysis. Running-related injuries per 1000 h of running ranged from a minimum of 2.5 in a study of long-distance track and field athletes to a maximum of 33.0 in a study of novice runners. The meta-analyses revealed a weighted injury incidence of 17.8 (95 % confidence interval [CI] 16.7-19.1) in novice runners and 7.7 (95 % CI 6.9-8.7) in recreational runners.

LIMITATIONS: Heterogeneity in definitions of injury, definition of type of runner, and outcome measures in the included full-text articles challenged comparison across studies.

CONCLUSION: Novice runners seem to face a significantly greater risk of injury per 1000 h of running than recreational runners.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSports Medicine
Pages (from-to)1017-26
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2015

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