In vivo quantification of mandibular bone remodeling and vascular changes in a wistar rat model: A novel HR-MRI and micro-CT fusion technique

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  • Dandan Song, University Hospitals Leuven
  • ,
  • Sohaib Shujaat, University Hospitals Leuven
  • ,
  • Ruiting Zhao, University Hospitals Leuven
  • ,
  • Yan Huang, University Hospitals Leuven
  • ,
  • Eman Shaheen, University Hospitals Leuven
  • ,
  • Jeroen Van Dessel, University Hospitals Leuven
  • ,
  • Kaan Orhan, Ankara University, University Hospitals Leuven
  • ,
  • Greetje Van de Velde, KU Leuven
  • ,
  • Ruxandra Coropciuc, University Hospitals Leuven
  • ,
  • Ruben Pauwels
  • Constantinus Politis, University Hospitals Leuven
  • ,
  • Reinhilde Jacobs, Karolinska Institutet, University Hospitals Leuven

Purpose: This study was performed to introduce an in vivo hybrid multimodality technique involving the coregistration of micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HR-MRI) to concomitantly visualize and quantify mineralization and vascularization at follow-up in a rat model. Materials and Methods: Three adult female rats were randomly assigned as test subjects, with 1 rat serving as a control subject. For 20 weeks, the test rats received a weekly intravenous injection of 30 μg/kg zoledronic acid, and the control rat was administered a similar dose of normal saline. Bilateral extraction of the lower first and second molars was performed after 10 weeks. All rats were scanned once every 4 weeks with both micro-CT and HR-MRI. Micro-CT and HR-MRI images were registered and fused in the same 3-dimensional region to quantify blood flow velocity and trabecular bone thickness at T0 (baseline), T4 (4 weeks), T8 (8 weeks), T12 (12 weeks), T16 (16 weeks), and T20 (20 weeks). Histological assessment was the gold standard with which the findings were compared. Results: The histomorphometric images at T20 aligned with the HR-MRI findings, with both test and control rats demonstrating reduced trabecular bone vasculature and blood vessel density. The micro-CT findings were also consistent with the histomorphometric changes, which revealed that the test rats had thicker trabecular bone and smaller marrow spaces than the control rat. Conclusion: The combination of micro-CT and HR-MRI may be considered a powerful non-invasive novel technique for the longitudinal quantification of localized mineralization and vascularization.

Original languageEnglish
JournalImaging Science in Dentistry
Volume50
Issue3
Pages (from-to)199-208
Number of pages10
ISSN2233-7822
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

    Research areas

  • Jaw, Radiology, Rats, Vascular remodeling

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