In vivo bio-distribution and homing of endothelial outgrowth cells in a tumour model

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INTRODUCTION: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) has been reported to have the potential for advancing revascularization of ischemic tissue. However, the heterogeneous nature of these cells calls for specification of the angiogenic potential of each subtype. The purpose of this study was to gain additional insight on the homing capacity of the EPC subtype, endothelial outgrowth cells (EOCs) in tumours using a well-established tumour model.

METHODS: (111)Indium ((111)In) - and 5-(and-6)-carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE) labelled EOCs derived from human umbilical cord blood were injected into mice with a C3H mammary carcinoma foot tumour. The subsequent capture of the EOCs was traced by estimation of activity in individual organs, autoradiography and fluorescence microscopy.

RESULTS: (111)In activity was found in tumour and other organs. However, varying parts of the activity originated from free (111)In lost from EOCs. Autoradiography demonstrated accumulation of (111)In activity in the tumour rim. Microscopy proved that a least part of this radioactivity originated from the presence of human derived EOCs and that those EOCs were not located in the endothelial lining of vessels, in the tumour.

CONCLUSION: The results demonstrated the presence of xenotransplanted EOCs in the rim of a C3H mammary carcinoma. They were, however, not located in the endothelial lining of the vessels, thus indicating that their effect in vasculogenesis might be mediated via paracrine mechanisms rather than differentiating into endothelial cells (ECs) in tumour vessels.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNuclear Medicine and Biology
Pages (from-to)848-855
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2014

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