Improved energy production of multi-rotor wind farms

Paul van der Laan, Mahdi Abkar

    Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperConference articleResearchpeer-review


    The multi-rotor (MR) wind turbine concept can be used to upscale wind turbines without increasing the rotor diameter, which can be beneficial for transport, manufacture and design of wind turbines blades. The rotor interaction of a MR wind turbine leads to a faster wake recovery compared to an equivalent single-rotor (SR) wind turbine wake. In this article, the benefit of the faster wake recovery of MR wind turbines is quantified using Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes simulations of a 4}4 rectangular MR wind farm, for three different inter wind turbine spacings. The simulations predict an increase of 0.3-1.7% in annual energy production for the MR wind farm with respect to an equivalent SR wind farm, where the highest gain is obtained for the tightest inter wind turbine spacing. The gain in AEP is mainly caused by the aligned wind directions for the first downstream wind turbine in a wind turbine row of the MR wind farm, which is verified by an additional large-eddy simulation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number012011
    Book seriesJournal of Physics: Conference Series (Online)
    Number of pages11
    Publication statusPublished - 22 Jul 2019
    EventWake Conference 2019 - Uppsala University's Gotland campus, Visby, Sweden
    Duration: 22 May 201924 May 2019


    ConferenceWake Conference 2019
    Location Uppsala University's Gotland campus


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